Bangladesh's top court on Tuesday rejected a final appeal by the leader of an opposition party against a death sentence for atrocities committed during the 1971 war of independence, lawyers said, meaning he could be hanged at any time. The verdict comes amid a spate of militant attacks in the Muslim-majority nation, the most serious on July 1, when gunmen stormed a cafe in the capital, Dhaka, and killed 20 hostages, most of them foreigners. The rejection, by a panel of five judges headed by Chief Justice Surendra Kumar Sinha, comes a day after a visit by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry during which he urged Bangladesh to uphold democratic principles.
In March, the Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for Mir Quasem Ali, 63, a media tycoon and key financier of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, for murder, confinement, torture and incitement to religious hatred during the war to leave Pakistan. "Now it is only a matter of time to execute the verdict, unless he seeks clemency from the president," Attorney General Mahbubey Alam told reporters. The Jamaat leader and his family have yet to decide whether to approach the president, said Ali's lawyer, Khandaker Mahbub Hossain. "All the legal battles are over now," he told reporters. Ali could go to the gallows any time, without such clemency. The war crimes tribunal set up by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in 2010 has sparked violence and drawn criticism from opposition politicians, who say it is victimizing her political opponents. The government denies the accusations.
Human rights groups say the tribunal's procedures fall short of international standards, but the government rejects that assertion, and the trials are supported by many Bangladeshis. Authorities have deployed additional security forces across Bangladesh as similar previous judgments triggered violence that killed around 200, mainly Jamaat activists and police. Hundreds of people cheering the verdict flooded the streets of the capital, Dhaka, and the southeastern port city of Chittagong, where torture camps were set up during the war. There have been no reports of violence, although the party called for a nationwide protest strike on Wednesday.
Since December 2013, four Jamaat leaders, including former top leader Motiur Rahman Nizami, and a leader of the main opposition party, have been executed for war crimes. Official figures show about 3 million people were killed and thousands of women raped during the nine-month war, in which some factions, including the Jamaat-e-Islami, opposed the break from what was then called West Pakistan. But the party denies its leaders committed any atrocities.