Politics is seeking a new path for itself not only in Turkey, but also in almost every country around the world. Radical changes, revolutions and counter-revolutions in the political arena have been taking place in underdeveloped or developing countries for a very long time. We have also come to see radical political changes in developed countries. For instance, France's new president, Emmanuel Macron, represents a political line that is beyond the traditional political codes of continental Europe and even France itself. Macron's political tone differs from all the definitions of the left-right political spectrum that has determined politics around the world since the French Revolution. This should be interpreted as not something completely new, but a new stance in terms of awareness and emphasis.
This also goes for President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's line, as long as Turkey's peculiar conditions are kept secret. Since the beginning, Erdoğan has upheld a liberal, anti-monopolistic, fair and competitive economic approach that protects small enterprises as well. Even this aspect of his political line alone signifies a different quest from the traditional rightist politics of Continental Europe and the Anglo-Saxon world. Moreover, it is different from the all-too-common statist and bureaucratic left of Continental Europe, Russia and China, in that it focuses on individuals and individual entrepreneurs and tradesmen and rejects the central role of the state in the economy.
Now, Europe, starting with France, will discover the new political line that Turkey's traditional rightist electorate discovered by electing Erdoğan earlier in the 21st century. On the other hand, the U.K.'s Brexit process may offer quite a productive ground for us in this regard. Politics in the U.K. and other countries within the kingdom are being renewed within the scope of this new perspective.
It is too early to ask whether Donald Trump may bring a new way for the U.S. Certainly, however, not Trump, but the U.S. electorate who elected him is on the quest for new leadership. The U.S. electorate expects a Republican president profile from Trump that is different from the despotic line that was started by Ronald Reagan and continued by George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush. Also, they do not want Trump to be a meek and unpredictable president like Barack Obama - whose health policies were a figment of the imagination.
In terms of realpolitik, the Trump era will be based on an alliance line that is more profound than before, in parallel with this new political orientation in both developed and developing countries. Within this framework, Erdoğan's scheduled visits to China and the U.S. next week are quite significant. The U.S. experienced uncertainty in its politics as it could not deal with China in the Pacific region and Turkey in Eastern Europe and the Middle East in this process - which was the main reason for Obama's failure. The U.S. thought that it could stop or control China in the Pacific by surrounding it and threatening it through North Korea. And it attached priority to the Pacific. It militarily withdrew from the Middle East and created paramilitary structures or consolidated the existing ones for its interests. However, both lines have collapsed now.
The U.S. failed to see that Chinese President Xi Jinping is the new revolutionist in China who has surpassed even Deng Xiaoping, who carried out the country's "liberal" revolution. Just as it could not understand Erdoğan and his path in Turkey, the U.S. has to look more carefully at Xi's "One Belt and One Road" (OBOR) project and see that the project cannot be prevented. Otherwise, a new world trade order cannot be established. Moreover, not only the U.S, but also the whole world must see the integrating role of Turkey between Asia and Europe. Otherwise, it will be impossible to establish a new global economy and trade order.
In this regard, we will see whether young the French president, who defines himself outside the 200-year-old political categories of Continental Europe, will be able to surpass this outdated paradigm.
These signs of a radical change in the political arena tell us that the political domination of the first Industrial Revolution is coming to an end. We must ask whether Industry 4.0 is the power behind this political transformation.
There are two main theses about how Industry 4.0 will change world balances. The first one is that developed countries will lead the new industry of smart robots, the internet of things and three-dimensional printers; the production potential that went to developing countries as of the mid 1970s will return to developed countries again, and the world's economic and political hierarchy will not change. The second is that developing countries will be also be the conductor of this revolution and this will lead to new economic and political equality in the world, given that Industry 4.0 is a revolution that exists through the infinite sharing of knowledge and technology that can be reproduced everywhere.
In fact, the rise of leaders such as Erdoğan, who can surpass the old paradigm, in developing countries and now in developed countries, shows that the second theory is stronger for the time being. However, this can be achieved only if the oppressed of the past do their homework.