As relatively small country in the Middle East, Syria has been transformed into an arena for the reckoning of global powers. During the six-year war, major global forces have been trying to make their own claims and to maintain positional superiority against their opponents.
During the beginning of the popular uprising, the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and a group of Syria's allies, initially led by the U.S., were quite active in the process. The hope was that democratization of the regime could be achieved in Syria with a little support. Taking advantage of Barak Obama's ambivalent policies, Iran gradually settled in Syria and set its own line of defense on the Syrian territories. Ali Khamenei even said he would declare the third world war if necessary to protect Syria. With the outbreak of problems after Iran, Russia slowly entered Syria. Russia's strengthening of its position against the world states worked to both strengthen Bashar Assad and to muddle possible solutions. During the process, the war environment resulting from the Obama administration's unstable and soft policies caused numerous terrorist groups to invade the Syrian territories, especially Daesh. Although the world came together to destroy Daesh, the group has yet to be eliminated in Syria. While a problem like Daesh occupied the Syrian territories, an opportunity was seized for the establishment of the PKK's Syrian wing, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), on the Turkish border, initially with the support of the Iranian and Syrian regimes. The Kurdish groups organized by Iran and Syria were later protected by the U.S. Then, the U.S. began using them for their own missions. Russia has also implicitly supported the PKK/PYD organization, which has become a formidable military power.
The peace processes started in Geneva but have yet to solve the problems. We have also seen that while the U.S., Russia, Iran, and sometimes Turkey and Saudi Arabia were struggling to strengthen their positions, the EU had not responded to anything in the field of foreign policy. The Syrian civil war has created millions of immigrants. Turkey shelters around 3 million migrants, while Europe feels threatened when a small number of these 3 million immigrants find their way into EU territories. Today, a readmission agreement is in force between Turkey and the EU. EU states temporarily breathed a sigh of relief in the face of uncontrolled migration.
In relation to the Syrian civil war, current politics and stipulations in the EU countries do not address stopping the war and ensuring the return of the 6 million scattered immigrants to their home country, although the intense immigration wave from Syria to the EU will soon force their hand. EU countries are working to keep the immigration within Turkey or to stop immigration by erecting wire fences around their borders, and in international relations, they have not made any effort to stop immigration during the peace process. We can explain this situation in two ways: Either the EU has no power in relation to the Middle East's international policies or they reap unknown benefits from the war and chaos in the Middle East. For those observing from afar, the Syrian civil war may resemble a war-based video game, however, it actually takes place in territories where people live and are in desperate need of finding food and water. If this political game was being played in outer space or in on a desert island, it could be played out over decades. However, the area where global forces are fighting for their own power struggles is a land where women, babies and children are struggling to find clean water and food.
Since the beginning of the war, besides Turkish state officials, the return of the Syrian immigrants to their homeland has only just been mentioned by one other world leader, U.S. President Donald Trump. From now on, it should be determined what kind of a state system needs to be established in Syria to bring back the 5 million immigrants spread out across the Middle East and Turkey rather than discussing which country in Syria will show more force than the others.
Every war and displacement has tragic stories and through a few examples, the world media purchases this drama and shows interest in the occupied and persecuted territories.
There are so many human dramas experienced in Syrian territories that humanity has closed its eyes to their plight, probably because it is in the Middle East and millions of people, including children, continue to be hungry, thirsty and miserable living under the constant threat of death. We recommend that the global powers set aside their struggles and games for domination. It is time for them to look at the Syrian issue from a humanitarian point of view.