Following the April 16 referendum for a constitutional reform, the Paris-based research institute Ipsos released the results of a recently conducted study on Wednesday shedding light on the voting preferences of the Turkish nation. The research revealed that 90 percent of Turkish citizens who voted for the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) in the Nov. 1 deputy election also said "yes" in the latest referendum.
In addition to the immense support AK Party voters showed for the new Constitution, more than 25 percent of the opposition Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) voters, 5 percent of the main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) voters and 9 percent of the pro-PKK People's Democratic Party (HDP) voters also cast their votes for the "yes" campaign in the referendum.
In addition, 21 percent of those who voted "yes" have said they supported the constitutional amendment package for the sole reason that they sincerely trust President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, while nearly 90 percent of those who voted for Erdoğan in the presidential election of 2014 also voted "yes" in Sunday's referendum. On the other hand, 53 percent of those who voted "no" indicated the reason being that they are opposed to the presidential system.
Regarding how the preferences of the Turkish nation were shaped prior to the referendum, the research institute discovered that 86 percent of the "yes" voters and 88 percent of the "no" voters had been decisive in their preferences since the beginning of the referendum campaign. On that note, 80 percent of voters said the campaigns carried out by Erdoğan were very effective in influencing their positions. Moreover, more than 90 percent of all citizens think that Erdoğan was an important factor in the increase of "yes" votes.
In light of Ipsos' research, 46 percent of citizens between the ages of 18 and 24 said "yes" to the amendment while 54 percent voted "no." Additionally, 54 percent of voters between the ages of 25 and 34, 53 percent between the ages of 35 and 44 and 48 percent of those between the ages of 45 and 64, along with nearly 60 percent of voters ages 65 and older voted "yes." On the other hand, 53 percent of Turkish male voters cast their votes for the "yes" campaign compared to 50 percent of Turkish women.
Moreover, nearly 90 percent of all "yes" voters think that the future of the country will likely be "better" with the new Constitution, while 59 percent of "no" voters say the exact opposite.