Syrian troops and allied militias backed by Russian airstrikes and cruise missiles fired from warships, attacked rebel forces on Thursday as the government extended a major offensive to recapture territory in the west of the country.Rebel advances in western Syria earlier this year had threatened the coastal region vital to President Bashar Assad's control of the area and prompted Russia's intervention on his side last week. In a further show of force, the Russian Defense Ministry said missiles fired from its ships in the Caspian Sea hit weapons factories, arms dumps, command centers and training camps supporting Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) forces.
Ground forces loyal to the government targeted insurgents in the Ghab Plain area of western Syria, with heavy barrages of surface-to-surface missiles as Russian warplanes bombed from above, according to the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) and a rebel fighting there. It said that rebels had shot down a helicopter in Hama province in western Syria. It was unclear if it was Syrian or Russian.
Syria said a major military operation was underway. It's armed forces "have launched wide-ranging attacks to deal with the terrorist groups, and to liberate the areas that had suffered from terrorist rule and crimes," army Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Ali Abdullah Ayoub was quoted as saying by state media. Ayoub did not say which areas were being targeted. He said new fighting units, including one called the Fourth Assault Corps, had been set up to wage the campaign and the army now held the military initiative. SOHR head Rami Abdulrahman said an assault launched by the army and its foreign allies on Wednesday in nearby areas of Hama province had so far failed to make significant gains.
"At least 13 regime forces were killed. ... The clashes also killed 11 [rebel] fighters," he said in a statement, and the numbers were expected to rise as more casualties were confirmed. Around 15 tanks and armored vehicles had been destroyed or immobilized by rebel missile strikes, Abdulrahman and an opposition activist on the ground said.
Wednesday's operation in Hama appeared to be the first major assault coordinated between Syrian troops and militias on the ground, and Russian warplanes and naval ships.
The Ghab Plain, also in Hama, lies next to a mountain range that forms the heartland of the Alawite sect to which Assad belongs. Russian airstrikes started last week and have mostly focused on areas of western Syria where Assad has sought to shore up his control after losing swathes of the rest of the country to insurgents including ISIS.
Recapturing it from the alliance of rebel groups, including al Qaeda's Nusra Front which thrust into the area in late July, would help secure Assad's coastal heartlands and could provide a platform to drive the rebels back from other areas.
A fighter from the Ajnad al-Sham insurgent group who uses the name Abu al-Baraa al-Hamawi told Reuters that Russian jets had been bombing since dawn. It was not the first time the Russians had bombed the area, but this was their most ferocious attack, he said, speaking via an Internet messaging service.
"There is an attempt by the regime to advance but the situation is under our control," he said.
"God willing we will repeat the massacre of the north Hama countryside as happened yesterday," Hamawi added, referring to the strikes on the tanks. "We have faced more violent attacks than this in the past."
Russian air strikes started last week and have mostly focused in areas of western Syria where Assad has sought to shore up his control after losing swathes of the rest of the country to insurgents including the ISIS.
Russia says it is fighting ISIS in Syria, but while the group has been the target of some of its airstrikes, it has no foothold in the areas of western Syria targeted in the attacks on Wednesday and Thursday.
For about a year before Russia joined the fighting, a U.S.-led coalition has been mounting air strikes of its own intended to defeat ISIS in Iraq and Syria. On Wednesday the coalition launched 18 strikes against ISIS in Iraq and two in Syria, a statement said.
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