U.S. President Donald Trump heads for Israel and the Palestinian territories as part of his first trip abroad since taking office, hoping to renew peace efforts but with controversy trailing him.
The American president arrives having already upturned expectations when it comes to the decades-old conflict in West Asia, giving Palestinians more hope than they may have anticipated and disappointing right-wing Israelis who heralded his election.
He has spoken of reaching "the toughest deal to make", one that has long bedeviled U.S. presidents, vowing "we will get it done". But he is also contending with several problems back home, including a special counsel investigating whether his associates colluded with Russia.
Any leader would face an enormous challenge in seeking to bring the Israelis and Palestinians together for meaningful talks, and Trump's inexperience and domestic political struggles will only add to it.
Moreover, Israelis have criticized Trump in relation to the White House's approach to the ultra-sensitive status of Jerusalem. Concerns have also been raised over Trump's sharing of intelligence with Russia, which was said to have originally come from Israel.
"I think the trip's in a lot of jeopardy being able to be productive because of all the chaos and controversy that's going on in Washington," Dan Shapiro, U.S. ambassador to Israel under Barack Obama and now a senior fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), Tel Aviv, told AFP.
Trump arrives in Israel today afternoon following his visit to Saudi Arabia, where Washington announced a huge $110 billion arms deal with Riyadh, and will hold talks with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu later in the day in Jerusalem.
He is expected to become the first sitting US president to visit the Western Wall, the holiest site where Jews can pray. The religious site is located in east Jerusalem, which Israel occupied in 1967 and later annexed.
Israel sees all of Jerusalem as its undivided capital, while the Palestinians view east Jerusalem as the capital of their future state.
On Tuesday, Trump will visit Bethlehem in the occupied West Bank for talks with Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas. After a visit later Tuesday to the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in Jerusalem, Trump will deliver a speech at the Israel Museum.
Trump has sent mixed signals about how he will approach the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He cast uncertainty over years of international efforts to foster a two-state solution when he met Netanyahu at the White House in February 2017.