The moon will get its first mobile phone network next year, enabling high-definition streaming from the lunar landscape back to earth, part of a project to back the first privately funded moon mission.
Vodafone Germany, network equipment maker Nokia and carmaker Audi said Tuesday they were working together to support the mission, 50 years after the first NASA astronauts walked on the moon.
The goal of the network is to support future missions to the moon by allowing communications between two lunar rovers, for example. Vehicles and astronauts on the moon would have a much easier time communicating with each other through a lunar network than depending on signals beamed down to earth and sent back up to the lunar surface.
"This project involves a radically innovative approach to the development of mobile network infrastructure," Vodafone Germany Chief Executive Hannes Ametsreiter said.
The nodes of the network will weigh less than 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) and will be manufactured by Nokia.
"This important mission is supporting, among other things, the development of new space-grade technologies for future data networking, processing and storage, and will help advance the communications infrastructure required for academics, industry and educational institutions in conducting lunar research," said Nokia Chief Technology Officer Marcus Weldon in a statement.
Vodafone will power the Nokia technology with its 4G network and carmaker Audi is building lunar rovers that will use the network to communicate. The whole mission is being organized by private space company PTScientists. SpaceX has agreed to launch the network to the moon using its Falcon 9 rockets from Florida sometime next year.
"This is a crucial first step for sustainable exploration of the solar system," PTScientists CEO Robert Bohme said in the announcement.
"In order for humanity to leave the cradle of Earth, we need to develop infrastructures beyond our home planet."
PTScientists hopes to conserve energy by building the dedicated moon network.
Part of the mission is aimed at studying NASA's Apollo 17 lunar rovers that were left on the moon's surface in 1972, the last time humans walked on the moon.