Due to the coalition crisis in the 1970's, an exit route for the nation's political system was sought-after. The Justice Party, or Adalet Party, brought a formula to the table that would have opened the door to a transition to either a presidential or semi-presidential system. The Justice Party proceeded to present a proposal to parliament which purported the public selecting the president through an election. The proposal, which was put forth a short time prior to the 1980 coup, was not passed by the Assembly at the time. In 1982, during the drafting of the constitution, Kenan Evren also wanted to leave the presidential vote up to the public; however he was unsuccessful in doing so.
DEMİREL WAS ALSO IN FAVOR
The debate surrounding a transition to the presidential system also surfaced from time to time during the Motherland Party, or ANAP's, era in power.
Leader of the Motherland Party, Turgut Özal brought up the debate of switching to a presidential system after he had been appointed as president himself. About one year prior to his death, the presidential system was seriously laid to the table. According to Özal, the presidential system was the way to go in order to increase Turkey's global presence and instill political stability. At the time, Özal stated, "If we want to become one of the top ten or top five nations in this country, then we need to take an initiative. The only chance would be to transition to a presidential system."
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