Mortality rate increased 3.6 pct in 2015, new figures reveal

DAILY SABAH
ISTANBUL
Published 29.04.2016 00:31

The latest official figures show a slight increase in the number of deaths in Turkey while the infant mortality rate saw a decline last year.

The state-run Turkish Statistical Agency (TurkStat) released figures yesterday concerning the country's most recent mortality rate without specifying causes of death.

The number of deaths was more than 391,000 according to revised 2014 data and jumped 3.6 percent last year to slightly more than 405,000 people. Men made up more than half of the deceased.

TurkStat released data on causes of death last month; the three diseases that claimed the most lives in the country were cardiovascular diseases, cancers and diseases of the respiratory system.The crude death rate or rate of deceased per 1,000 people also saw an increase, from 5.1 per thousand in 2014 to 5.2 in 2015. Kastamonu, a city in northern Turkey had the highest crude death rate at 10 per thousand. It was followed by Sinop, another northern city. Both cities, located in the lush Black Sea region, a place known for the longevity of its people, have the highest proportion of elderly in the population.

The lowest crude death rate, at 2.8 per thousand, was in Şırnak in southeastern Turkey. The southeastern cities of Batman and Hakkari followed Şırnak in having the lowest mortality rates. Şırnak and Hakkari are known for having among the youngest populations in the country according to official figures.

Nearly half of deaths across the country were among people 75 and above.

The infant mortality rate, or the number of infant deaths per thousand live births, dropped to 10.7 per thousand in 2015 from 11.3 in 2014 with the number of infant deaths recorded as 14,164 last year. The highest infant mortality rate was in Kilis again. Kilis, a town on the Turkish-Syrian border, saw 25.3 deaths per thousand in 2015. It was followed by Şanlıurfa in southeastern Turkey, while the northwestern province of Kırklareli had the lowest rate at 4.6 per 1,000 live births.

TurkStat stated that, of the recorded infant deaths, 64.2 percent died before completing their first month in 2015. The under-five mortality rate, or probability of dying in the first five years of life, was 12.8 per 1,000 people in 2015, slightly lower than 2014 figures.

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