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PAST ELECTION RESULTS

REFERENDUM 2017 2017
  • %51,41 
    YES
  • %48,59 
    NO
2017 Referendum Results

Referendum in October 21, 2017 was put to the public vote for certain amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, particularly election of the president publicly. Electors were asked to answer "Yes" or "No" to the proposed amendment.

Holding the general parliamentary elections in every four years, instead of five years, and electing the president publicly were among the amendments to the Constitution.

ELECTION RESULTS 2015 2015
  • 49,50% 317 Deputies
  • 25,32% 134 Deputies
  • 11,90% 40 Deputies
  • 10,76% 59 Deputies
1 November 2015 Election Results

Turkey’s November 2015 general elections took place as a result of the June 2015 election, which failed to produce a government that held 276 of the 550 seats in parliament.

The June 7, 2015 general elections created a situation where, for the first time since 2002, four political parties passed the 10 percent election threshold and thus gained seats in parliament.

The presence of four political parties meant that a single political party could not form the government by itself. This brought the opportunity for various scenarios where a coalition could form. However, talks of a potential snap election began after parties failed to come to a coalition agreement.

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced the decision to hold snap elections August 21, 2015, and said that November 1 would be an appropriate time to open the polls once again. The decision was based on Article 116 of the Constitution stating, “If a new Council of Ministers cannot be formed within forty-five days or if the new Council of Ministers fails to receive a vote of confidence, the President of the Republic, in consultation with the President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, new elections may be called for.” Shortly afterward, the decision to hold snap elections in Turkey was officially announced in the Official Gazette.

As a result of the November election, the Justice and Development (AK Party) Party obtained 49.5 percent of the votes and formed the government with 317 of the 550 seats in the parliament.

LOCAL ELECTIONS RESULTS 2014 2014
  • Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Won 18 metropolitan municipalities with 60 percent of the votes Won 800 municipalites with 59.22 percent of the votes
  • Republican People’s Party (CHP) Republican People’s Party (CHP) Won 6 metropolitan municipalities with 20 percent of the votes Won 223 municipalites with 16.73 percent of the votes
  • Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Won 3 metropolitan municipalities with 10 percent of the votes Won 166 municipalites with 12.29 percent of the votes
  • Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) Won 2 metropolitan municipalities with 6.67 percent of the votes Won 97 municipalites with 7.18 percent of the votes
  • Independent Independent Won 1 metropolitan municipalities with 3.33 percent of the votes Won 5 municipalites with 0.37 percent of the votes
2014 Local Elections Results

Twenty-seven political parties participated in Turkey’s local elections to vote for mayors, municipal council members and other local officials held on March 30, 2014. The number of registered voters was over 52 million. Among them almost 45 million cast their ballots. The number of ballot boxes was 194,042 and the participation rate was 89.19 percent. The number of valid votes was 44.8 million and invalid votes were over 2 million.

During the local elections, 30 municipal mayors, 1,351 district and town mayors, 1,251 provincial general council members and 20,500 municipal council members were elected. The official elections results were announced during a press meeting by the YSK on May 6, 2014. The YSK cancelled the elections in 13 electoral districts including the provinces of Yalova and Ağrı for various reasons. The elections for these provinces were renewed on June 1, 2014.

REFERENDUM 20102010
  • 57.88% 
    YES
  • 42.12% 
    NO
2010 Referendum Results

Turkish constitutional referendum is the referendum on a number of changes in the constitution held on September 12, 2010. The constitutional amendment package which included changes in 26 laws was presented to referendum by then president Abdullah Gül after it was approved by the TBMM.

A constitutional amendment proposal including 27 laws was presented by the deputies of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) to be later discussed at the constitutional committee and then approved. During the voting in the parliament, the constitutional amendment proposal received 336 votes in favor and 72 votes against and then was submitted to the approval of the 11th President of Turkey, Abdullah Gül.

The AK Party supported the relevant amendments during the voting at the TBMM, but the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) opposed the proposal while the Republican People's Party (CHP) and the Peace and Democratic Party (BDP) did not take part in the voting. The Felicity Party (SP) and the Great Union Party (BBP) –not represented in the parliament– on the other hand announced that they would support the amendment proposal. On May 12, 2010, President Gül decided to hold a referendum, which later took place on September 12, 2010.

LOCAL ELECTIONS 2009 2009
  • Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Won 10 metropolitan municipalities with 62.50 percent of the votes. Won 1442 municipalities with 49.67 percent of the votes.
  • Republican People’s Party (CHP) Republican People’s Party (CHP) Won 3 metropolitan municipalities with 18.75 percent of the votes. Won 503 municipalities with 17.33% of the votes.
  • Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Won 1 metropolitan municipality with 6.25 percent of the votes. Won 483 municipalities with 16.64 percent of the votes.
  • Democratic Left Party (DSP) Democratic Left Party (DSP) Won 1 metropolitan municipality with 6.25 percent of the votes. Won 60 municipalities with 2.07 percent of the votes.
  • Democratic Society Party (DTP) Democratic Society Party (DTP) Won 1 metropolitan municipality with 6.25 percent of the votes. Won 96 municipalities with 3.31 percent of the votes.
2009 Local Elections Results

Nineteen political parties participated in Turkey’s local elections held on March 29, 2009. During the elections, 16 metropolitan mayors, and a total of 2,931 municipal, district, and town mayors were elected by 48,049,446 voters.

The YSK prepared a film lasting 7 min 25 sec informing the electors on how to cast their votes, which was shown on the country’s national public broadcaster Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, also known as “TRT” as well as other national media channels. The voters were required to present an identity card on which their identification number was written during the voting procedure (such as national identity card, institution card given to public servants, passport, marriage certificate, military identity card, or driving license).

LOCAL ELECTIONS RESULTS 2004 2004
  • Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Won 12 metropolitan municipalities with 75 percent of the votes. Won 1,750 municipalities with 54.81 percent of the votes.
  • Republican People’s Party (CHP) Republican People’s Party (CHP) Won 2 metropolitan municipalities with 12.5 percent of the votes. Won 467 municipalities with 14.63 percent of the votes.
  • True Path Party (DYP) True Path Party (DYP) Won 388 municipalities with 12.15 percent of the votes.
  • Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) Won 247 municipalities with 7.74 percent of the votes.
  • Motherland Party (ANAP) Motherland Party (ANAP) Won 100 municipalities with 3.13 percent of the votes.
2004 Local Elections Results

Twenty-one parties participated in 2014 local elections, held to determine local administrators, village headman and community councils on March 28, 2004.

43,552,931 voters participated in the elections in 173,748 voting ballots. Participation rate stood at 76.25 percent with 33,211,457 votes casted, of which 32,268,496 were valid.

GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS 2015 2015
  • 40.87% 258 Deputies
  • 24.95% 132 Deputies
  • 16.29% 80 Deputies
  • 13.12% 80 Deputies
7 June 2015 General Election

The general election of 7 June 2015, the country’s 24th general election, was held to elect the 550 deputies of the Parliament for the 25th legislative term.

The Justice and Development Party (AK Party) was placed first in the polls in the June 7 election with 40.8 percent of the votes and won 258 seats. The runner-up Republican People’s Party (CHP) won 132 seats with 24.9 percent of the votes. The Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) won 80 seats with 16.2 percent of the votes, whereas the People’s Democratic Party (HDP) received 80 deputies with 13.1 percent of the votes in its first election and passed the national election threshold of 10 percent.

According to the election results, none of the parties reached the simple majority of 276 seats in parliament to be the ruling party.

After the Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu returned the mandate to form a government to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan following unfruitful attempts to form a coalition, the president called for a snap election and the Supreme Election Board (YSK) set the new election date as November 1, 2015.

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS RESULTS 2014 2014
  • 51.79% 21,000,871 votes Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • 9.76% 3,958,103 votes Selahattin Demirtaş
  • 38.44% 15,588,058 votes Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu
2014 Presidential Elections Results

To elect the 12th President of the Republic of Turkey, the presidential elections were held on Aug. 10, 2014. For the first time in the history of the Republic of Turkey, the president was popularly elected and upon a constitutional amendment, the office term of the president was reduced from seven to five years.

Three candidates including Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Selahattin Demirtaş and Ekmelettin İhsanoğlu ran for the presidential elections. Erdoğan was elected president after the first round by receiving 51.8 percent of the votes. As announced by Turkey's Supreme Election Board (YSK), the first round of the elections was held on Sunday, Aug. 10, 2014. A second round was scheduled on Aug. 24, 2014 if no candidate had won by receiving 50 percent or more votes in the first round, but Erdoğan was elected president after the first round by obtaining 51.8 percent of the total votes.

GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS 2011 2011
  • 49.83% 327 Deputies
  • 25.98% 135 Deputies
  • 13.01% 53 Deputies
  • 6.57% 35 Deputies
2011 General Elections Results

To elect the members of the 24th parliamentary term of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM), the 2011 general elections took place on June 12. With the participation of 16 political parties, it was the first election conducted in accordance with usual election calendar after 34 years. General elections were decided to be holding every four years, instead of five, based on constitutional amendments put into effect with referendum dated September 21, 2007 In accordance with the YSK’s decision dated March 5, 2011, 27 political parties were allowed to participate in the elections. Prior to drawing lot for the order of political parties on ballot slips, the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP), the Workers' Party and the New Party withdrew from the elections. Twenty four political parties were included in the ballot slip order; however six of them either decided to withdraw or did not submit their candidate lists later.

The political parties that did not submit their candidate lists were as follows: Alternative Party (AP), Independent Turkey Party (BTP), Equality and Democracy Party (EDP), Young Party (GP), People's Ascent Party (HYP), Turkey Party (TP). Although the Rights and Freedoms Party (HAK-PAR) delivered its list, the party decided not to take part in the elections later. Thus, the number of political parties that were expected to participate in the 2011 elections declined to 17. On Apr. 18, 2011, the YSK decided that the Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP) and the Homeland Party (YP) could not take part in the elections. According to the temporary list released by the YSK, the number of political parties that were allowed to participate in the elections was 15.

REFERENDUM 2007 2007
  • 68.95% 
    YES
  • 31.05% 
    NO
2007 Referendum Results

Referendum in October 21, 2007 was put to the public vote for certain amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, particularly election of the president publicly. Electors were asked to answer "Yes" or "No" to the proposed amendment.

Holding the general parliamentary elections in every four years, instead of five years, and electing the president publicly were among the amendments to the Constitution.

GENERAL ELECTIONS RESULTS 20072007
  • 46.58% 341 Deputies
  • 20.88% 112 Deputies
  • 14.27% 71 Deputies
  • 5.42% 26 Deputies
2007 General Elections Results

The general election of 2007 is the election that was carried out to determine 23rd parliamentary term members of Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) on July 22, 2007.

The ten percent threshold rule was applied in the elections as required by the Article 33 of the Election Law. Fourteen political parties and 699 independent candidates participated in the July 22 elections. 42,537,305 people were allowed to vote in 158,700 voting ballots.

GENERAL ELECTIONS RESULTS 20022002
  • 34.42% 363 Deputies
  • 19.42% 178 Deputies
  • 8.35% 9 Deputies
2002 General Elections Results

The 2002 general elections took place on November 3, 2002 to elect new deputies of the Turkish Parliament for the 22nd term.

Only the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) and the Republican People’s Party (CHP) were able to pass the 10 percent election threshold and send their deputies to the parliament in the elections which used the D’Hondt method. The AK Party gained 363 seats in the parliament with 34,3 percent of the votes and obtained 66 percent of the seats at the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM). It became the first political party after the 1950s to obtain the largest representative power through the party-list proportional representation method.

The participation rate in the 2002 elections, which were carried out in 81 provinces and 85 constituencies, was recorded as 79.13 percent. 45 percent of the votes were not reflected in the parliament due to the 10 percent election threshold, marking the first time since 1946 for two parties to be represented at the parliament.