"Medics have pulled several dead bodies out from under the rubble of demolished homes in recent hours," ministry spokesman Ashraf al-Qodra told Anadolu Agency on Thursday.
He said at least 10,196 Palestinians had also been injured.
Al-Qodra said the fatalities included 470 children, 343 women and 88 elderly people.
A new five-day ceasefire between Palestinian factions and Israel went into effect on Thursday as part of efforts aimed at reaching a permanent truce deal.
Palestinian factions, however, have linked any permanent ceasefire to concessions by Israel, including the lifting of a years-long blockade on the Gaza Strip and allowing the establishment of a Gaza seaport, among other longstanding demands.
At least 67 Israelis-64 soldiers and three civilians-have also been killed since Israel's offensive began on July 7.
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