Saturday brought another day of violence to Hong Kong as dozens of protesters and riot police clashed in a shopping mall close to the mainland Chinese border between Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
Riot police arrested at least 15 protesters who demonstrated against mainland tourists and shoppers.
The fresh unrest ended a brief calm after protestors had battled riot police in shopping malls and streets of commercial districts across the city for three days over the Christmas period.
Saturday afternoon, masked plain-clothed officers wielding batons arrested 15 people, including a 14-year-old girl, who were protesting inside the mall in the Sheung Shui district, forcing shops to shut down as harassment toward shoppers occurred, an AFP reporter at the scene said.
Riot police charged into the mall to reinforce the officers and used pepper spray to disperse a crowd of residents who gathered to protest against the arrests.
After the police left, some protesters stayed on a footbridge linking the mall to an MTR metro station and harassed passers-by they thought were mainland Chinese tourists.
Another man was arrested by riot police in a later incident inside the mall, his head covered in blood.
Similar protests and clashes also took place in a mall in Kowloon Bay district, where a number of people were arrested Saturday evening.
Blood and a black mask were seen by an AFP reporter on the floor where ununiformed police subdued protesters in the mall.
The malls, where the demonstrators protested in, are popular with day shoppers from mainland China who stock up on goods such as baby formula and medicine. Hong Kong's long-running anti-government protests have recently focused on busy shopping areas, with densely populated residential areas close by.
In recent years Sheung Shui has been swamped by a huge influx of mainlanders and parallel traders seeking to circumvent Chinese taxes, angering many residents who have seen their local shops transformed to cater to the visitors.
Hong Kong's many malls have become regular protest venues as protesters try to cause economic disruption in their push for greater democratic freedoms and police accountability.
The last month has seen a relative drop-off in violence and protests after pro-democracy candidates won a landslide at local elections.
But with Beijing and city leaders refusing further concessions, rallies and clashes reignited over the Christmas period.
The protests were initially sparked by a now-abandoned attempt to allow extraditions to the authoritarian mainland.
They have since morphed into a popular revolt against Beijing's rule, with spiraling fears that the city is losing some of its unique liberties.
Among the demands being made by protesters is an inquiry into the police, an amnesty for the more than 6,000 people arrested and the right to elect Hong Kong's leader.