Yılmaz Güney's "Hope" can be deemed his debut in political cinema and introduction to film 101 for young filmmakers. For example, Erden Kıral, who had recently shot his movie "Kanal ve Bereketli Topraklar ("Canal and Fertile Soils") around the same time, said "Hope" was his starting point and described the movie as bringing the essence of democracy, plus technique and artistic innovations and personal style to cinema.
With scenes reminiscent of the director's childhood and house in Adana, "Hope" shows how conditions may create wrong impressions through the story of Cabbar who tries to earn a living for his family in the 1960s as a coachman for horse-drawn carriages; he has to find a solution after a car hits and kills his horse; how a treasure he had never heard of emerges and how he runs after it and ensures that all such events do not appear as some sort of madness. "Hope" won 6 awards at the 2nd Adana Golden Boll Film Festival: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor in a Leading Role, Best Screenplay, Best Score and Best Cinematography. However, the movie was banned by the Censorship Board for underlying class discrimination, depicting (a failed attempt) to rob an African American man and showing dawn prayers; therefore, the awards were sent illegally to the Grenoble Festival in France, which caused Güney to be sued.
Zerkalo (The Mirror)
"The Mirror," one of Andrei Tarkovsky's most important movies, is a masterpiece and one of the best movies of all time. However, it was a tough journey before it could claim this title, as the screenplay was rejected many times even after it was selected for the Cannes Film Festival in 1975. Lacking a linear narrative, the movie shows the memories of a dying poet (Tarkovsky's father -- even though he passed away three years after the director) and depicts scenes from his family's life and what the Russian people experienced in the 20th century. Childhood memories blend with contemporary images, as dreams and shots from news programs follow one another. Colored, black and white and sepia images are connected without viewers noticing.
Written and directed by Federico Fellini in 1963, "8 1/2" tells the story of Guido Anselmi, a world-acclaimed Italian director in the middle of a creative and personal crisis. While working simultaneously on several projects for his new film, he is haunted by childhood memories and sexual fantasies. He can't find any meaning in life and can't start working on his film. Inevitably, he withdraws from the world and tries to evaluate events that affected his personal development: his childhood, the church, family relations, the women in his life and nightmares accompanying these events and people. Guido ponders the absurdity of his job, his relation to art and the opposite sex and human existence. This existential movie explores the depths of human nature and aesthetically honors humans, society and people's inner lives -- some of the main themes of cinema