The key matters at hand include the removal of Gülenist ranks from the state bureaucracy, an outline of the key elements of the new constitution and further steps in the peace and reconciliation process
The new government is tasked with harmonizing two visions set for the short term and long term. In the short term, the aim is to win the general elections in 2015. In the long term, the aim is to implement the changes required to create new Turkey. The legal and political foundations to reach the long terms goals will be laid out in the coming year. This will be done in a three-step approach: the removal of Gülenist ranks from state bureaucracy, key elements of the new constitution will be outlined and the peace process will continue. Thus it is unsurprising that Davutoğlu will be facing an intense year with a cabinet largely formed out of former ministers. Given the narrow time frame, it is undesirable to appoint new ministers and furthermore, it would have been inappropriate for the new prime minister to vastly change the former Erdoğan cabinet given his own close relations with the president.
The fact that the prime minister will be directly involved in the aforementioned three key issues illustrates the importance and gravity of the matters at hand. An official statement said that these issues are far too important to be given to a deputy prime minister. Therefore, the government is making a commitment on all three issues.Based on this, we can safely assume that the peace process has surpassed being a "negotiation of adversaries." It is evident that the AK Party's hesitation toward Kurdish politics is subsiding, instead giving way to confidence. Furthermore, a resolution to the Kurdish question, regardless of the PKK, can be interpreted as a regional strategy.
When it comes to the constitution, it would not be surprising if the Davutoğlu government presents some concrete alternatives by the spring of 2015. The removal of Gülenist ranks from the civil service is a matter that demands urgent attention and clearly the government is not willing to negotiate or turn a blind eye.
In such a difficult transition period, the government will naturally attempt to avoid problems in other areas. As a result, the government has divided the management of the affairs into three main three parts.
Firstly, the governance of the economy portfolio and all related institutions has remained with Deputy Prime Minister Ali Babacan. This indicates that the AK Party is not about to take an adventurous turn. Those who choose to analyze politics based on Erdoğan's statements and some key advisers assumed the AK Party would disregard its own economic guidelines and implement a growth strategy. However, the past 12 years show that when dealing with the economy the AK Party are realists. The issue here is in fact the aim of winning the 2015 general elections with a majority number of votes. In order to achieve this, a growth strategy has to be maintained and Ali Babacan will act with this aim in mind.
Secondly, tasked with handling the EU is two of the most pro-EU people available:Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu and EU Minister Volkan Bozkır. It is expected for relations to improve through dialogue and mutual understanding, just as in the post-2002 period, the AK Party may wish to utilize the EU accession process as a "lever." In many ways, the "construction" period that awaits us is much like the "destruction" period that came in 2002. It is useful for legitimacy to expand itself.
Lastly, it is important to note two critical appointments of Bülent Arınç as Deputy Prime Minister and Beşir Atalay as deputy chairman. The affinity of these two figures to Gül is well known. The appointments are an indication of Davutoğlu's intention to consolidate and address the power balance within the party. However much Davutoğlu naturally makes a good prime minister, for him to be equally effective as party chairman will require a great deal of tact. Thus the presence of Atalay will ease Davutoğlu's load, enabling the prime minister to focus his energies on reform and change.