President-elect Recep Tayyip Erdoğan presented Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu as the candidate for prime minister and new chairman of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) at the historic meeting held by the party's Central Executive Board (MYK). This was not surprising at all, as Davutoğlu's nomination was considered almost certain. Davutoğlu is one of the most reputable Turkish politicians who has earned respect from the outside world. With the AK Party administration, Turkey has extricated itself from the old inward-oriented state model and started to become more influential in economic and political terms both in the region and world. This was appreciated in the early years; however, with the outbreak of the Arab Spring, Turkey encountered a serious disintegration with its allies due to its firm stance against the ongoing massacres conducted by Bashar Assad in Syria and against the military coup that toppled Mohammed Morsi in Egypt.
The same was reiterated in Turkey's approach toward Iran's nuclear program. Turkey pursued a different strategy and held a mediatory position when Iran clashed with Western countries over its nuclear program. When Turkey and Brazil were temporary members of the U.N. Security Council in 2010, they put forward the idea that cracking down Iran with severe sanctions would yield no result, proposing instead that negotiation was the better path to resolution. Thus, without the West's consent, the Tehran agreement, which stipulated uranium enrichment in peaceful proportions, was linked with Iran. Turkey was subjected to unfair accusations from both within and without the country including "Turkey's axis is shifting towards the East."
Even though Davutoğlu took an active role throughout this process, he was left to his own devices not only for his approach toward the Iran question, but also toward Syria and Egypt. In fact, Turkey was pursuing a foreign policy strategy that was based on peace. Within the eight months that followed the start of the Syrian civil war, Turkey held talks with Syria with the approval and even insistence of the U.S., but no result was obtained. Moreover, the carnage went from bad to worse and evolved into chemical attacks. Thereupon, Turkey suggested that moderate Syrian opposition groups should be supported, and the U.S. and EU initially sympathized with this idea. As one can remember, a series of meetings, which were also attended by the opposition groups, were held under the U.N.'s supervision. After a short while, however, the U.S. and EU chose to forget the Syria crisis.
The same was true for the al-Maliki administration in Iraq. For a long while, Ankara launched diplomatic initiatives with Baghdad to provide for the unity of the county. However, Nouri al-Maliki carried out great massacres against the Sunnis especially in 2012, and he did not give equal share to the Sunnis and Kurds in the state administration. Thus, dictatorial regimes in Iraq and Syria laid the way for the emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). Meanwhile, the number of Syrian refugees, who have been accepted to Turkey with little or no assistance from outside, has exceeded 1.3 million. In Egypt, a democratic alternative emerged to prevent the extremist groups such as ISIS, but this was hampered by the military coup, which strengthened General Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's hand. A number of crimes were committed against humanity, and the U.S. and E.U. failed to call it a "coup." They only marginalized massacres with futile condemnations.
Today, Turkey's theses on these four matters have been confirmed. Western countries made an agreement that is much worse between Iran and the P5+1 countries, and eased the sanctions imposed on Iran. It is said that ISIS is the result of the Syrian crisis and al-Maliki's wrong policies. The U.S. is on the verge of launching a ground offensive both in Syria and Iraq, and claims that they will fight the most severe battle against ISIS. Now the U.S. and the West have to eat the words they spoke three years ago. The architects of these strategies are President-elect Erdoğan and soon-to-be Prime Minister Davutoğlu. If the West adopts a fairer approach, this would prove to be a wise decision.