Syria has been a hot spot for more than five years. Also, it is the center of a large and dark power struggle where all the world's powers and terrorist organizations have a role. The majority of problems that Turkey has recently experienced stems from the implications of the Syrian war.
Especially, the U.S.'s definition of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) as an ally and its promise for an autonomous Kurdish state in Syria has escalated PKK terror in Turkey.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's visit to the U.S. was an important turning point in testing Washington's attitude on the PYD and convincing it of Turkey's thesis. Unfortunately, however, reports that followed Erdoğan's visit do not indicate that U.S. President Barack Obama's administration will change its PYD policies. The U.S. consistently gives the cold shoulder to Turkey's proposal to establish a no-fly zone and a safe zone in northern Syria. Obama is a lame duck that is unlikely to change any of his policies until the upcoming presidential elections in November. As a leader who has remained silent in the face of the expansion of the Syrian bloodbath from the beginning, Obama does not want to take risks at the 11th hour. Indeed, it is not risky to establish a no-fly zone and a safe zone. However, it appears that this does not serve Obama's purpose while Turkey hosts a large number of Syrian refugees.
This is the case in the U.S. Well, how is the cease-fire that has been ongoing in Syria since Feb. 27 going? We need to answer "well" simply because the cease-fire has continued. President Bashar Assad's regime is accused of frequently violating the cease-fire and the last such accusations came from France. French Foreign Ministry Spokesman Romain Nadal said that the Assad regime's airstrikes on civilians are continuing, suggesting that these offenses harm resolution efforts. He said the regime's air operation on the outskirts of Damascus, which targeted civilians and resulted in the death of 33 people on March 31, obstructed the resolution. Unfortunately, even during the period of cease-fire, Assad is continuing to shell the country that he has turned into a death basin for five years. Despite the attacks by a cruel dictator, the cease-fire has yielded positive results. United Nations Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura's spokesman Ahmad Fawzi said many deaths have been prevented since the cease-fire was put in place. There are efforts to achieve a solution from the Geneva talks as the cease-fire continues.
Meanwhile, the Assad regime is not the only party that violates the cease-fire, as there are reports revealing that the Russians are continuing to shell Turkmen Mountain in northern Latakia.
Moreover, the PYD have maintained clashes with the U.S. and coalition partners. In brief, despite relative normalization, Syria is still far from peace.
It is hard to suggest that the anti-DAESH struggle has not significantly harmed DAESH and undermined it. Even though the Assad regime's retrieval of Palmyra from DAESH seems like a gain, we cannot help but ask who is crueler and which one is better than the other. There are significant questions about the international coalition's anti-DAESH struggle. What are the great powers of the world doing together in Syria? Why is Turkey being kept away from air operations? In short, even though the Geneva talks are held to seek a resolution in Syria, these are acts of power sharing in the Middle East through the Syria question. Unfortunately, it seems that the war will last for quite a while longer yet.