Every now and then those who bear witness to history may not discern the importance of what they experience at the time although they acknowledge it when it comes out into the open years later. Any incident that is casually scribbled in a notebook may turn into one of the milestones that transform history.
Over the past 12 years Turkey has undergone a number of turning points under the rule of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party). One of the most important of them, beyond any doubt, is the reconciliation process and initiation of talks with Abdullah Öcalan, jailed leader of the PKK at the prison on İmralı Island. This historic step, which was taken to solve the Kurdish question, aimed to put an end to the 30-year conflict. Now, the reconciliation process is on the verge of being completed and we have not received any news of clashes with the PKK for a long while. The PKK question may be solved completely in 2015. In the future, we will better appreciate the value of a Turkey that is free from conflicts and bloodshed as well as the historical value of the days we are currently witnessing.
Today, we are also bearing witness to some developments that will be evaluated as milestones of history in the future. For the first time in history, Turkish citizens directly elected their own president, while previously the task of electing president was allocated to the Parliament. The AK Party's candidate Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the first directlyelected president Turkey, has assumed the presidential seat by receiving 51.8 percent of the popular vote.
The new concept of a president foreshadows a new system and hence a new regime. Turkey is still being governed by a parliamentary system as opposed to the presidential system preferred by Erdoğan, who has ascended to the Çankaya Palace. As the opposition objects to the idea of a presidential system during work on a new constitution in Parliament, the work failed and no progress was made. Now, a de facto situation has emerged in Turkey, but it has not yet been given a name. This new de facto situation that was formed after the president was elected by popular vote is similar to a semi-presidential system. President Erdoğan and the new prime minister, Ahmet Davutoğlu, will concertedly govern the country, just as they stressed during the first AK Party extraordinary congress on Wednesday.
Well, how will they achieve this? Currently, there are some gaps as the system has not yet been given a name. Some assert that a complicated system in which the president and prime minister are elected by public vote will inevitably cause confusion of authority and other conflicts - and they are not that wrong in this claim. However, this may not be the case for the collaboration of Erdoğan and Davutoğlu as they do not think differently on key issues, as was tested many times in the past. They look from the same perspective at a number of issues including the military coup in Egypt, the Syrian crisis, freedoms in Turkey, the reconciliation process and their struggle with the Gülen Movement's parallel structure. Since there is not a contradiction in their approach, it is meaningless to expect a clash or separation between the two leaders.
However, when these political actors are replaced by other politicians with a different mentality years later, this will certainly create some problems. Therefore, the present systemic uncertainty should be clarified soon and be given a constitutional and democratic framework. A total of 58 percent of the public took the first step toward a system change when they voted for a new constitution in the 2010 referendum. The politics, however, failed to perpetuate this major step taken by the public when the establishment of the new system was hampered by the opposition parties. Now the old system is still in effect despite a new presidential figure.
to read our informative text prepared pursuant to the Law on the Protection of Personal Data No. 6698 and to get information about the
used on our website in accordance with the relevant legislation.
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu uyarınca hazırlanmış aydınlatma metnimizi okumak ve sitemizde ilgili mevzuata uygun olarak kullanılan
ilgili bilgi almak için lütfen