The first round of wind power tenders to establish wind power plants across Turkey, which was closely monitored by Energy and Natural Resources Minister Berat Albayrak, was completed yesterday. On the first day of tenders, which will run through Dec. 29, bids for 430 megawatts (MW) of wind power were collected for eight regions, while 110 energy firms participated in the tender. During the four-day tender, an aggregate amount of 2,130 MW of wind power capacity will be auctioned, and plants will be established in 32 different points across Turkey. On June 21-23, pre-licenses for 710 MW of wind power capacity in 11 regions were issued by the Turkish Electricity Transmission Company (TEİAŞ).
110 companies bid for wind power plants
While 110 companies sent their bids for eight regions with a total wind power capacity of 430 MW, the companies with winning bids according to region are as follows:
For the Amasya-Samsun (60 MW) region, Doğages Elektrik Üretim A.Ş.'s Doğages Wind Energy Plant (RES) project ($-0.88) received a capacity of 49 MW, while Ekores Enerji Üretim A.Ş.'s Taşova RES project ($-0.55) acquired an 11 MW-capacity.
For the Çorum-Kastamonu-Sinop (70 MW) region, RES Anatolia Holding A.Ş.'s Topaz RES project ($-0.66) and Ekores Enerji Üretim A.Ş.'s Kozcu RES project ($-0.71) acquired a capacity of 65 MW and 5 MW, respectively.
For Antalya (100 MW), on the other hand, Enyat Enerji A.Ş.'s Alanya RES project ($-1.18) acquired a capacity of 50 MW, while Dere Enerji A.Ş. received a total of 20 MW with 10 MW for the D3 RES project ($-0.57) and 10 MW for the D1 RES project ($-0.48), followed by Akhisar Enerji A.Ş.'s Dökükdağı project (-$0.52) with 30 MW-capacity.
The two projects that applied for the Bitlis-Muş (40 MW) region shared 40 MW equally. Difer Enerji A.Ş.'s Miskevank RES project ($7.10) received a 20 MW-capacity, while Beres Elektirk Üretim A.Ş.'s Örenlik RES project ($6.95) acquired the remaining half.
For the Bolu-Düzce-Sakarya (30 MW) region, Günışığıges Elektrik Üretim A.Ş.'s Günışığıges project ($3.78) acquired the whole capacity with 30 MW.
For Elazığ (40 MW) region, Buca Rüzgar Güneş Üretim A.Ş.'s Buca RES project ($-0.63) received the full capacity of 40 MW.
For the Gaziantep-Kilis (40 MW) region, Lacivert Yenilenebilir Enerji Üretim A.Ş.'nin Lacivert RES project ($-1.63) received a capacity allocation of 40 MW.
For Istanbul (50 MW), Gelgit Yenilenebilir Enerji Üretim A.Ş.'nin Gelgit RES project ($-1.71) received a capacity allocation of 49.5 MW, while the remaining 0.5 MW capacity was accepted by Polat Enerji A.Ş.'s Istanbul RES project ($-0.65).
2017: Gone with the wind
Turkish Wind Energy Association (TÜREB) Chairman Mustafa Serdar Ataseven said that 2017 was a productive year in terms of wind energy, recalling that a $5 billion investment will be realized for the 4,000 MW bidding this year along with the 1,000 MW tender held for the Renewable Energy Resource Area (YEKA) throughout the year in wind.
"Pre-licenses will be received after the bidding, and the process for construction permits will begin. Wind plant operations of the companies that won tenders will be commissioned within a period of approximately three to four years," Ataseven said.
By the end of 2016, the installed capacity of wind energy plants in operation was 5,751 MW, according to the Energy Ministry data.
Wind power plants are to be developed as part of the Renewable Energy Resource Zone (YEKA) project, which was devised and developed by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources to expand the share of domestic resources in energy and decrease Turkey's dependency on external resources.
Accordingly, in early August, a Turkish-German consortium, consisting of Siemens Gamesa-Türkerler-Kalyon, won the tender for wind power renewable energy areas by offering $3.48 per kilowatt hours (kWh), which was $10.3 per kWh for wind power.
Meanwhile, Turkey's wind energy sector attracted more than $12.3 billion in investments over the past 11 years, the Turkish Wind Energy Association (TÜREB) said last week.
The investment has boosted the country's installed capacity from 146 megawatts (MW) in 2007 to its current 6,500 MW.
By the end of the year, plans to generate 1 gigawatt (GW) under the Turkish Renewable Energy Resource Zone (YEKA) project, along with a number of finalized wind energy tenders to generate another 3 GW, will push investments in the sector to $5 billion in 2017 alone.
Among the Turkish cities, İzmir on the Aegean coast ranked first with 1,333 MW of total installed capacity. It was followed by Balıkesir in the Marmara region with 1,069 MW, and Manisa with 650 MW.
Currently, some 158 wind energy companies operate in the country and 32 projects with an installed capacity of 808 MW were under construction.
According to recent data, Turkey generates 8 percent of its electricity from wind energy. TÜREB President Mustafa Serdar Ataseven said Turkey boosted its wind energy capacity and attracted a substantial amount of foreign and local investments over the last five years.
"With the addition of another 2,130 MW to our installed capacity, to be finalized by the end of the year, a significant contribution to Turkey's wind market will be realized," he said. "After finalizing the tenders and YEKA project, Turkey's wind capacity will grow by around 4 GW in roughly three to four years."
He said for the sustainability of Turkey's expanding wind energy sector, the country should make use of private investment to meet the growing demand.
"Despite the investments and tenders, there will be an investment and capacity gap between 2018 and 2019," he said. "In order to meet demands, investors who have environmental impact assessment reports and electricity generation licenses should be provided with more electricity capacity to grow their investments and installed capacity." According to the General Directorate of Renewable Energy studies, Turkey's techno-economic wind energy potential of 48 GW but currently, only 11 GW of project stock is available. Turkey currently has an 11 GW of wind power stock available and has set a national target of 20 GW of installed capacity by 2023. The country's total energy target for 2023 is 100 GW.