Ahead of the Nobel Literature Prize ceremony, condemnation grew Monday over the awarding of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature to Austrian writer Peter Handke, who is widely known as a denier of the 1992-1995 Bosnian genocide, the worst mass killing in Europe since World War II.
Handke was an opponent of NATO's airstrikes against Serbia in the Kosovo War of the late 1990s and spoke in 2006 at the funeral of autocratic Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic.
Kosovo was part of Serbia until 1999 when NATO intervened to stop Milosevic.
Kosovo and Albania also said they will also boycott the ceremony. Kosovo’s outgoing foreign minister, Behgjet Pacolli, has instructed the ambassador in Sweden “to boycott the ceremony," adding that “a writer who supported Milosevic and his genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo does not deserve the Nobel Prize.”
In solidarity with Kosovo Albanians, Albania’s ambassador to Sweden won't attend the Nobel ceremony, the Foreign Ministry said Monday. The country is boycotting the ceremony because of Handke's support for "Slobodan Milosevic, the 'butcher of the Balkans,' who led so many mass atrocities during the bloody collapse of the former Yugoslavia.”
Albanian acting foreign minister, Gent Cakaj, who was born in Kosovo, tweeted that the “justification of war atrocities during the Yugoslavia break-up must not be rewarded.”
Turkey's Ambassador to Sweden Hakkı Emre Yunt also refused to attend the Nobel ceremony to protest the award being given to Handke.
For Milazim Krasniqi, a resident of Hoce e Vogel, a small village 80 kilometers (50 miles) southwest of the capital Pristina, he can't believe “that Milosevic’s friend and supporter gets the prize in the 21st century.” There were more than 40 people killed in the village during the war.
Following the announcement of Handke as a Nobel laureate, relatives of Bosnian war victims condemned the decision.
In 1997, Handke was accused of minimizing Serbian war crimes in his book "A Journey to the Rivers: Justice for Serbia."
Handke is known as a great admirer of former Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic, who died in 2006 at the international tribunal in The Hague on trial for war crimes and genocide. He claimed that the Muslim Bosniaks in Sarajevo killed members of their own community in a false flag attack, which would put the blame on the Serbs, adding that he never believed the Serbs committed genocide in Srebrenica.
Furthermore, Handke visited Milosevic in prison and made attempts to testify in his favor.
More than 10,000 were killed or died in total in the 1998-99 war. A 78-day NATO air campaign ended Serb rule in Kosovo, and the United Nations governed the province until 2008 when Kosovo declared independence from Serbia, which Belgrade hasn't recognized yet.
“It is intolerable, unacceptable to promote notorious writers with such a prize, writers who make reasoning of the crimes in the region,” said Shkelzen Maliqi, a Pristina-based analyst.
The frontpage of Koha Ditore daily newspaper showed Milosevic applauding Handke with the Nobel Prize.
That was, nevertheless, not the opinion of the ethnic Serb minority in Kosovo.
“Whatever he wrote about the Serbs, he wrote it good and frightfully,” said Dimitrie Dimitric, an ethnic Serb in Hoce e Madhe, close to Hoce e Vogel. “Those who gave it to him are not senseless.”
Posters were plastered around Hoce e Madhe that said “Congratulations to our Nobel!”
Tensions between Kosovo and Serbia have been worsening in recent times. The European Union-facilitated dialogue that started in 2011 has been stalled since last year after Kosovo set a 100% import duty on all Serbian and Bosnian goods, despite international calls to lift or suspend the measure.
Kosovo insists on the full recognition of its statehood as the end result of the talks, something which for now isn't acceptable to Serbia.