By the end of the 19th century, Ottoman Armenians staged numerous uprisings through the Dashnak and Hinchak committees upon provocations from European powers with the goal of carving up an independent state. After Abdülhamid II, the Ottoman sultan at the time, refused to make concessions to the Armenians and thwarted their bid for independence, they came to view him as their greatest enemy.
After tracking the movements of the sultan for a long time, Armenian terrorists decided to assassinate Abdülhamid II during a divine Friday service parade. On Friday, July 21, 1905, terrorists arrived at the Yıldız Mosque with a carriage loaded with 80 kilograms of timed explosives. The plan was seemingly going well. But after the prayer, the sultan got caught in a conversation with Sheikh ul-Islam Cemaleddin Efendi and did not show up on time. Meanwhile, the bomb exploded with a loud bang. Unexpectedly delayed by Cemaledin Efendi for a few minutes, the sultan barely escaped the assassination attempt. But 26 members of the sultan's service died and 58 others from his service, as well as civilians in attendance, were wounded. In addition, about 20 animals died and many carriages were wrecked.
Shortly after an investigation began, Charles-Edouard Joris was detained along with some other suspects. Some of the suspected terrorists managed to flee abroad.
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