According to certain studies, orthorexia nervosa, a kind of eating disorder, can develop in patients who have a high income and those who can afford organic food. They only eat healthy food without any additives. Patients with orthorexia nervosa prefer raw food, as they pay attention to avoid consuming unprocessed food or food with additives, hormones or carcinogens. Some say cooking food at high temperatures diminishes the beneficial elements it contains, and such people do not use aluminum pans and avoid using microwaves.
Studies show that people can isolate themselves from social environments when they continuously think about what they should eat during their next meal. Such patients take their food with them when they go to a meeting. If they cannot bear it and consume something that is not healthy, they can develop different symptoms like depression. Dietician Emre Uzun said treatment should begin when the condition comes to that stage. Many of us have certain strategies to eat well; some consume food with few additives while others try to only eat organic food. These strategies do not pose any risk unless they turn into an obsession. However, if this happens, one may avoid eating healthy products and the alarm bells will start to ring. Uzun said a dietician should lead the patient in the treatment process once he or she is diagnosed. He added that a psychologist or psychiatrist should also examine the patient, as psychological effects generally influence orthorexia nervosa.
An expert team is necessary for proper treatment, Uzun continued, and if the patient has hypocalcemia or a similar mineral or vitamin deficiency, then additional treatment must be taken into account as well. A dietician is responsible for helping the patient regain his or her well-being. The more they socialize and spend time with their family and friends, the more it helps their recovery. Although orthorexia nervosa looks benign, it can turn into a dangerous condition. Orthorexia nervosa leads the patient to consume in an unhealthy way. Moreover, anorexia nervosa can develop if the condition is not treated. They may not be obsessed with losing weight, but if they continue to eat less, they may lose weight and could develop amenorrhea. Uzun said patients with orthorexia nervosa do not easily accept the fact that they need to seek treatment. "Family support is important in this regard," Uzun concluded.