Though summer is slowly coming to an end, the danger of ultra violet (UV) rays remains an ever-present threat with physicians warning against possible sun-related skin issues even with the use of sun protection factor (SPF) products.
Speaking to Anadolu Agency (AA), professor Nihat Sapan, head of the Pediatrics Department at Uludağ University, explained that sun allergies can come in many forms, and added, "Generally mistaken for a sunburn, a sun allergy usually presents as hives accompanied by excessive and frequent itching."
Research has shown sun allergies generally develop due to exposure to sunlight. "When people with sunlight sensitivity are exposed to the sun without applying any skin protection during summer and early autumn, when sunlight is still strong, they can get itchy rashes and swelling on their skin. The main reason for this is sun allergies. It first arises with striking symptoms like urticaria, crusting, itching and papilloma," Sapan said.
Rarely seen among children, sun allergies are generally seen in young and middle-aged women.
As sunlight sensitivities are often higher in some ethnicities than others, people with white skin are more prone to sunlight sensitivity. Hence, developing a sun allergy is much easier for people with light or white skin. The more the allergic person is exposed to the sun, the more severe the symptoms he or she faces, especially if exposed without applying a SPF product.
Sun allergies are a result of UV rays, which are broken down into three types of radiation: A, B and C. Types A and B both affect sun allergies, however, ultraviolet B tends to cause a stronger reaction than A. In addition to their roles in sun allergies, these rays are also responsible for skin cancer.
In light of this information, people with sun allergies should stay out of direct sunlight between the hours of 12 p.m. and 3 p.m.
If you experience fluid-filled skin papilloma combined with excessive itching, you should see a doctor. Applying antihistaminic medications can also provide some relief these cases. In addition, moisturizing lotions and creams can also have a soothing effect. Along with these solutions, people with sun allergies must apply SPF products before going out and avoid direct sunlight as much as possible. On the other hand, to get the benefits of sun-sourced Vitamin D, those spending their holidays at the beach should sunbathe for around 20 to 30 minutes before applying their SPF product.