The victor of the historic June 24 presidential elections, incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, will take the presidential oath today in Parliament and step inside the Beştepe Presidential Complex in Ankara to serve the nation for the next five years. Erdoğan will take the presidential oath at 4 p.m. local time in the Parliament, and later a ceremony will be held at the presidential complex.
The oath will also initiate the new presidential executive system, transitioning from the parliamentary system, which was approved in a referendum on constitutional amendments on April 16 of last year. Erdoğan will now become both the head of state and government, with the prime minister's post abolished. Following the oath-taking ceremony, Erdoğan will visit Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The man accustomed to winning every election since establishing the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) in 2001, Erdoğan also claimed victory in the June 24 elections with 52.59 percent, surpassing his closest rival, the main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) candidate Muharrem İnce, by more than 20 percentage points.
The momentous ceremony in the history of Turkish politics is expected to be attended by 22 presidents, 17 prime ministers and other high-level state officials from countries invited, in addition to many significant figures from the business, arts and sports worlds.
At the ceremony, Russia will be represented by the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, while the U.S. will be represented by the U.S. Charge d'Affaires in Ankara, Philip Kosnett.
The presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Guinea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Pakistan, Somalia, Ukraine, Venezuela and Zambia are among those expected to be present. Families of fallen soldiers and veterans are also expected to attend the ceremony, where 3,000 individuals have been invited.
Cabinet to be announced today
During the ceremony at the Beştepe Presidential Complex this evening, Erdoğan will also announce the new executive Cabinet, which will convene for the first time on Friday.
"Our goal is a powerful Parliament, a powerful government and a powerful Turkey," Erdoğan said earlier Saturday as he addressed AK Party deputies in the party's first group meeting after the elections. Erdoğan had said last week that the Cabinet will not include AK Party deputies in the Parliament and that it will include technocrats and may include some former ministers.
Under the new system, the Cabinet will not be required to have a vote of confidence from the Parliament as the people directly chose the president as the head of the state. Previously, the Cabinet formed by the prime minister needed to have a vote of confidence from the members of the parliament. Vice presidents are also expected to be announced on Monday.
In the parliamentary elections, held the same day as the presidential elections, AK Party failed to win a majority on its own in the Parliament, but secured a total of 344 seats through the People's Alliance with the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). The CHP has 146 seats in parliament, while the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) has 67 seats and the Good Party (İP) has 43 seats.
In the first presidential decree, which will be released today, the number of ministers in the Cabinet will be decreased from 25 to 16. Presidential offices and agencies, newly established under the presidential system, will also be introduced. For example, the National Intelligence Agency (MİT) or the Office of the Chief of General Staff, both of which used to be an undersecretary, will now be categorized as agencies. The new agencies will also include the Presidency of Defense Industry, the National Security Council, the Presidency of Strategy and Budget, the Presidency of Religious Affairs, the State Inspection Council and the Presidency of Communications.
Four new offices are also being established to introduce a faster and more strategic decision-making process in governance. Offices on human resources, finance, investment and digital transformation will be established to supervise the state's human resources and institute the state's digital transformation to adapt to the digital age and fight cyberterrorism.
Nine separate councils will develop, supervise and coordinate relevant policy suggestions. The main priority will be a more effectively run government by delegating responsibility with authority.
600 new MP's took oath on Saturday
Meanwhile, the new Parliament, which now has 600 members, instead of 550, was sworn in on Saturday. The number of lawmakers was increased by 50 more deputies, to reflect the country's growing population and demographics.
The oath-taking ceremony started at 2 p.m. local time and ended 8 hours later at 10 p.m. The newly-established İP deputy Durmuş Yılmaz led the Assembly as the Speaker, as he is the oldest deputy, and will continue to do so until the actual speaker is elected. Erdoğan also watched the oath-taking ceremony briefly.