Clean air stations to be established in Southeastern Turkey
by Zeynel Yaman
ISTANBULApr 06, 2015 - 12:00 am GMT+3
by Zeynel Yaman
Apr 06, 2015 12:00 am
Clean air stations which will test the quality of the air and take the elements that cause pollution under control will be initiated in the provinces located in the southeastern region. Several clean air stations will operate as a part of the central station in Diyarbakır and transmit the pollution rates in the air regularly to the center, helping the officials take necessary precautions. Within the scope of the project which will be undertaken by the Environment and Urban Planning Ministry, the areas located in southeastern and eastern provinces where the stations will be built will be determined after the field work. The data that will be gathered actively or passively throughout the year will be analyzed by climate and environment specialists. It will be stored at small stations in Adıyaman, Batman, Bingöl, Bitlis, Elazığ, Hakkari, Mardin, Malatya, Muş, Siirt, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Tunceli and Van, which will be linked to the central station in Diyarbakır.
Moreover, the ministry plans to increase the number of 175 fixed and four mobile air measurement stations to 330 in total. The clean air stations measure the Sulphur dioxide, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, ozone and hydrocarbon in the air. The clean air station will determine the factors that lead to air pollution and store data about construction plans, the structures of industries, houses and transportation as well as climate, humidity, temperature, rain, dominant wind directions, wind direction and speed according to the seasons and cloudiness.
The measurements on carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide which threatens people's lives will be monitored momentarily. Moreover, experts will oversee the heavy metal rates in the air such as arsenic, nickel, cadmium and lead regularly. The measurements will take place simultaneously in each province daily, weekly, monthly and seasonally. At the end of the year, all the data gathered in the station will be evaluated separately and a map will be prepared. The maps revealing the reasons behind the air pollution and areas whose air is the most polluted will affect where the new residential area will be built.