El Nino, which has an effect on global climate, is expected to increase the likelihood of famine and disease, affecting millions of people in 2016. Humanitarian aid agencies are warning that El Nino will cause severe droughts and devastating flooding, according to a report by the BBC. Experts said the effects of El Nino will be felt severely in Africa and food shortages are likely to peak on the continent in February. In the next six months, El Nino is expected to hit Central and South Africa as well as the Caribbean, while Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua will see drought and torrential rains. El Nino is a weather pattern which leads to extreme weather events around the world and caused 2015 to be the world's warmest year on record. Nick Klingaman of Reading University says that rainfall amounts have dropped significantly in tropical countries by 20 to30 percent, saying that, "Indonesia has experienced a bad drought; the Indian monsoon was about 15 percent below normal and the forecasts for Brazil and Australia predict less monsoons." As the drought and flooding continues, humanitarian agencies are becoming increasingly worried about the potential effects of El Nino.