The radicalization process culminated with the TIP's declaration of loyalty to the militant (and/or terrorist) groups like Daesh and al Nusra Front in 2013 when its members widened their goals and participated in the so-called global jihad. The leader of the group, Abdul Haq al-Turkistani, has been promoting the idea of global jihad and encouraging his followers to go to conflict areas in the Middle East. The group's Arabic language propaganda journal "Islamic Turkestan" enabled the spreading of those ideas, whereas internet videos in which Turkistani himself appeared have also gone viral across the region. In a recent video released in late May this year, Turkistani denounced Daesh's claimed caliphate as "illegitimate" and "non-acceptable." He even condemned the IMU's activities in and around the Fergana region.
As of today, more than 2000 TIP fighters supposedly joined the war in Syria on behalf of militant (and/or terrorist) groups like Daish, Jaish al-Fatah and the al-Nusra Front which was recently renamed itself the Jabhat Fateh al-Sham. Even if the TIP has a confusion about its affiliation with the aforementioned groups, it nevertheless continues to believe in a worldwide caliphate in the international arena and to pose a separatist challenge against the Chinese state on a domestic level.The TIP has increased its violent presence by using terror methods in and around China since the Urumqi riot. A recent car bomb attack targeted the Chinese embassy in Kyrgyzstan's capital Bishkek on Aug. 30; it killed no one, but it has shown the global dimensions of the threat posed by terrorism, militancy and insurgency against China itself. Although no group has claimed responsibility for the attack, Chinese officials did not hesitate to label it as an act of terrorism given the fact that the perpetrator was a Uyghur national with a fake Tajik passport. Chinese security authorities have been frequently securitizing the Uyghur issue in order to conceal human rights abuses in the region, where all criminal incidents were identified with the Uyghur community. The communist regime already felt insecure on its borderlands since the TIP has designated itself as the Central Asian branch of Daish. Now the Chinese leadership has properly understood that Uyghur separatism will continue to be radicalized by using violent methods, as far as Syria remains a hotbed of terrorism, a fact which in return has the potential to affect the People's Republic's national and homeland securities.
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