A joint statement from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) late on Thursday accused 59 individuals and 12 charity organizations in Qatar of having links to terrorism, local media reported. The list includes the International Union of Muslim Scholars' Egyptian chairman, Yousef el-Qaradawi, and Abdullah bin Khalid, a former interior minister of Qatar. The declaration was rejected by Qatari authorities, who also said the blockade imposed by the Gulf countries was a violation of international law. PAGE 6
The joint declaration said the list was the result of what it claimed were continued violations by the Qatari authorities of previous commitments and agreements, including "the commitment to not support or shelter elements or groups that threaten the security of countries."
"This is in light of its commitment to fighting terrorism, drying up the sources of the funding of terrorism, combating extremist ideology and the instruments of spreading and publicizing it," the statement read, according to Qatari media outlets.
Thursday's statement added the list would be updated with new individuals and organizations based in or funded by Qatar.
Qatar on Friday dismissed the terrorism blacklist, saying the accusations are baseless. "The recent joint statement issued by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt and the UAE regarding a terror finance watch list once again reinforces baseless allegations that hold no foundation in fact," Qatar's government said in a statement.
Doha does not support terrorist groups, it stressed, pointing out that "our position on countering terrorism is stronger than many of the signatories of the joint statement – a fact that has been conveniently ignored by the authors."
The declaration of the list came after Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UAE, Bahrain and Yemen on Monday cut ties with Qatar, accusing Doha of supporting terrorism. Qatar denied the accusations, calling the move "unjustified." The escalation came two weeks after the website of Qatar's official news agency was allegedly hacked by unknown individuals who reportedly published statements attributed to the country's emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani.
Also, Qatar's foreign minister Thursday rejected interference in his country's foreign policy, ruling out a military solution to a crisis that has seen Riyadh and its allies cut ties with Doha.
"No one has the right to intervene in our foreign policy," Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman al-Thani said. "We are an independent country with sovereignty," he said, rejecting tutelage from other states.
In a bid to drum up support for his country with the crisis showing no signs of abating, the minister made a surprise visit Friday to Germany where he pledged to pursue a diplomatic path out of the deadlock.
"The actions taken by Saudi Arabia and its allies amounted to "a clear breach of international law and won't result in a positive impact on the region but will have a negative one," he said, also hitting out at the terrorism blacklist.
"There is a continuous escalation from these countries ... but our strategic options are still diplomacy and dialogue," Sheikh Mohammed said after holding talks with German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel.
Turkey has been trying to do its best in mediating efforts as well. Aware of the need to maintain stability in the region amid the deadly conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, Ankara promptly turned to diplomatic channels on Monday, as Erdoğan called Qatari Emir Thani, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmed al-Sabah and Saudi Arabia's King Salman bin Abdulaziz.
Erdoğan also called French President Emmanuel Macron, Indonesian President Joko Widodo, King of Bahrain Hamad bin İsa El Halife, King of Jordan Abdullah II, Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri and Malaysian Prime Minister Nejb Razak, according to presidential sources.
Ankara displayed its support to Qatar as Parliament approved two deals envisaging a deployment of troops to an air base in Qatar. Ankara's move to deploy troops to the small country is expected to increase stability and help Turkish peacemaking efforts function better. The deal to deploy troops to Qatari soil, which is expected to improve the country's army and boost military cooperation, was signed in April 2016 in the Gulf country's capital Doha. The deal was approved by Parliament after a period of one year.
Meanwhile, the Russian and Iranian foreign ministers met Friday to discuss the conflict in Syria and Qatar's crisis with neighboring Gulf Arab states, Russia's Tass news agency reported.
Sergey Lavrov and Javad Zarif met on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in Kazakhstan's capital Astana. "We talked about process in the Syrian settlement and how this process and our common efforts can influence the history around Qatar," Lavrov said, according to Tass.
Lavrov said Iran and Russia shared the same position on resolving the dispute between Qatar and states led by Saudi Arabia through dialogue. "Our president and your representatives said this crisis should be resolved at the negotiation table so that all concerns can be removed through dialogue," Lavrov added.
Yousef Al Qaradawi
Countries severing ties with Qatar this week over its alleged support of terrorism designated dozens of people with alleged links to Qatar as "terrorists" on Friday, including prominent Muslim scholar and International Union for Muslim Scholars President Yousef al-Qaradawi.
Qaradawi is known as a moderate Islamic scholar.
In the more than 100 books that Qaradawi has written, he reflects on various dimensions of Islam. In his works, he dwells on issues of religion, such as fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Islamic economics and philosophy, the unification of Islamic thought and general knowledge of Islam. His rulings have usually reflected the balanced nature of Islamic law and its relevance to modern life.
Many people consider Qaradawi as the religious leader of the Muslim Brotherhood even though he has not officially been named to the position. He has remarkable influence in Egypt and is considered one of the most important Sunni-Muslim clerics of the generation and a spiritual authority for millions of Muslims around the world, including the Hamas movement.