However, some countries have escaped a surge in the far right altogether.
Greece, despite being the main entry point for migrants by sea, has seen its debt crisis eclipse all other political issues. Leftist Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras was elected to a second term on Sunday, while far right party Golden Dawn has been stuck on the fringes at around 7 percent of the vote.
In Ireland, criticising migration is taboo due to that country's own history of emigration. Spain is preoccupied by an independence movement in its Catalonia region and the rise of anti-establishment parties on the left and in the centre.
In Norway, the Progress Party scored its worst election result in two decades precisely due to its anti-immigrant stance. Support for the Finns party in Finland dwindled after it joined the government and had to compromise on its programme.
Bjarke Moller, director of Copenhagen-based Think Tank Europa, said an agreement struck earlier this week by European leaders to share out 120,000 refugees among nations shows they have not been "taken hostage" by the far right. But they still need to find a unified solution.
"If the EU does not, there is a risk that more extremist nationalistic forces will try to create a Europe defined by barbed wire, national walls, border control and protectionism," said Moller expressing his deep concern about the outcomes of the refugee crisis.