Somalia's government says it has severed ties with strategic neighbor Kenya "to safeguard the unity, sovereignty, stability of the country.”
The announcement Tuesday came as the leader of the breakaway territory of Somaliland ended a three-day visit to Kenya where he was given treatment similar to that accorded to a head of state in meetings with the Kenyan leadership.
"The Somali government, on the basis of its sovereignty, international law and order, and in fulfillment of its constitutional duty to safeguard the unity, sovereignty and stability of the country, has decided to cut off diplomatic relations with the Government of Kenya,” said Osman Dubbe, Somalia's information minister, on Twitter. "The government took this decision to respond to recurring outright political violations and interference by Kenya against the sovereignty of our country," he added.
Somaliland broke away from Somalia in 1991 as the country collapsed into warlord-led conflict, and it has seen little of the violence and extremist attacks that plague Somalia to the south. Despite lacking international recognition, Somaliland has maintained its own independent government, currency and security system.
Somalia, however, considers Somaliland as part of its territory. Several rounds of talks over possible unification have failed to reach an agreement. Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, also known as Farmajo, and Somaliland leader Muse Bihi Abdi met in February, the first meeting between the two, who both took office in 2017.
The meeting was brokered by Ethiopia's Nobel Peace Prize-winning Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, but it did not result in a breakthrough agreement. Kenya's government spokesperson Col. Cyrus Oguna said a committee has been set up to normalize relations between the two countries.
"As a country, we have been very kind and accommodating because you know even in Daadab (refugee center) we have camps that currently house over 200,000 people from the neighboring country and therefore we have a lot of commonality between these two countries and anything that is capable of undermining that, is, of course, something that efforts must be put in place to ensure it is resolved," he told reporters.
Tensions between the two countries became evident in late November when Somalia expelled Kenya's ambassador to the country and ordered its ambassador to return home.
Horn of Africa analyst Rashid Abdi said that faced with tough competition in the coming parliamentary and presidential elections in Somalia, scheduled for December 2020 and February 2021, respectively, Somalia's president is stirring up altercations with foreign countries to try to consolidate the electorate behind him.
"There is the old dictum about leaders picking foreign fights when they are desperate. This is it. Kenya is almost certain to let Farmajo huff and puff and have his usual tantrums. Will it recognize Somaliland? Maybe. But it will choose the time, date and not let Farmajo dictate the pace,” Abdi said in a post on Twitter.