Confirmed coronavirus cases passed one million around the world on Thursday as Europe reeled from the pandemic and the United States reported record numbers of people out of work.
The virus claimed thousands of more lives in its relentless march across the globe, with Spain and Britain seeing the highest number of daily deaths yet, despite measures putting more than half of the planet on some form of lockdown.
And it continued to wreak havoc on the global economy, with the U.S. announcing that a record 6.65 million workers filed for unemployment benefits last week and Spain reporting its biggest monthly increase in jobless claims ever.
Since emerging in China in December, COVID-19 has infected more than one million people – including at least 540,000 in Europe – and claimed more than 51,000 lives, according to sources.
World Health Organization (WHO) head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said there had been a "near exponential growth" in new cases and that the number of infected would hit a million within days.
The crisis has put enormous strain on national health care systems and on nurses, doctors and other medical staff working in the most difficult circumstances.
"Every morning before I start work, I make the sign of the cross, and pray that everything will go all right," Ester Piccinini, a 27-year-old nurse at the Humanitas Gavazzeni hospital in Bergamo, northern Italy, told AFP.
"It's not really for myself, I'm not really worried about me since I'm so protected. But I hope everything will be all right for my patients."
'Slowdown' in Spain
Europe has been at the center of the crisis for weeks, with at least 37,000 now dead, but there have been signs the pandemic could be approaching its peak.
Spain, with 950 new deaths in 24 hours, and Britain, with 569 deaths, saw record numbers of new fatalities on Thursday. France recorded 471 hospital deaths, down from the previous day, but also announced a new figure of 884 deaths in retirement homes since the epidemic began. Italy registered 760 new deaths, with its numbers continuing to fall.
The number of confirmed Spanish cases also passed the 110,000 mark, the government said, although the rates of both new infections and deaths continued on a downward trend.
"The data show the curve has stabilized" and that the epidemic has entered a "slowdown" phase, Health Minister Salvador Illa said.
The virus has chiefly affected the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions, but recent cases have highlighted that it can kill people of all ages.
The dead have included a six-week-old baby in the U.S., a 16-year-old in France, a 12-year-old in Belgium and a 13-year-old in Britain.
In Russia, President Vladimir Putin extended a period of paid non-working days until the end of April as the number of confirmed cases jumped by more than a quarter on Thursday to 3,548, with 30 deaths.
Most of the Russian population is on lockdown, with Moscow, in particular, facing tough isolation rules.
Thailand became the latest country to impose strict measures with the introduction of a curfew from Friday, pushing the number of people in confinement to 3.9 billion, or half the world's population.
'Horrific' days ahead
The U.S., which now accounts for almost a quarter of the reported global infections, saw its death toll pass 5,000 by the early hours of Thursday, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University.
U.S. President Donald Trump, who was criticized for initially playing down the virus but has stepped up containment efforts, warned that the situation was going to get much worse.
"We're going to have a couple of weeks, starting pretty much now, but especially a few days from now, that are going to be horrific," he said.
"But even in the most challenging of times, Americans do not despair. We do not give in to fear."
100,000 body bags
Around 85 percent of Americans are under confinement but there have been warnings of a staggering U.S. death toll, even with mitigation efforts in force.
On Thursday the U.S. disaster response agency FEMA asked the American military for 100,000 body bags.
The virus and the measures taken to contain it have raised fears of the worst global economic downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The U.S. Labour Department said Thursday that the figure of 6.65 million workers who filed for unemployment benefits last week was double the number registered in the previous week, and the most ever recorded.
Economists are warning that U.S. job losses could surge to the previously unimaginable range of 10 to 20 million in April.
Spain, the eurozone's fourth-largest economy, also registered a leap of 302,265 jobless claims last month after imposing a nationwide lockdown since March 14.
Financial rating agency Fitch on Thursday predicted that the U.S. and eurozone economies would contract this quarter by up to 30 percent on an annualized basis, as struggling businesses slash investment and widespread unemployment dampens consumer spending.
World leaders have announced huge financial aid packages to deal with the crisis and the World Bank on Thursday approved a plan to roll out $160 billion in emergency aid over 15 months.