Obama's re-election as president was perceived as an opportunity to reset relations, as he attempted to normalize relations by describing the criticism of their relations and disagreement on the Iranian issue as "speculation" during his visit in March 2013. Israel's attacks on Hezbollah could also be analyzed as a resurfacing of Netanyahu's disagreement with Obama in his approach to Iran's nuclear program. Obama's willingness to reach agreements with Iran through diplomatic talks contrasts with Netanyahu's attempt to start an armed conflict against them, a country which Israel sees as its biggest rival in the Middle East. Despite the U.S.'s efforts to launch peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Israel's attacks on Gaza in July 2014, which killed more than 2,000 civilians, and the diplomatic crisis that emerged between the Pentagon and the White House on sending arms to Israel, reheated the already boiling water.
In June 2014, three Israeli boys went missing and Israel attacked Gaza, blaming the Palestinians for their loss. The Obama administration condemned the losses and supported Israel's attempts to find the boys. However, they also condemned the burning of a Palestinian, Muhammad Abu Khudayr, as revenge by the far-right extremist Israelis. The ongoing Israeli forces' attack on the West Bank was responded to by Hamas. In July 2014, Israel launched a full-fledged attack on Gaza, killing more than 2,000 civilians and destroying many structures in the city. Although the U.S. administration kept silent on the Gaza attacks, the attack on a U.N's school building was responded to with harsh criticism. Furthermore, the media revealed through senior Obama officials that the Pentagon had sent ammunition to Israel, which became a significant moment for the Gaza confrontation between Israel and Hamas.
Contributed by Mehmet Çelik
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