Filipino Muslim rebels, government make progress on self-rule law
MANILAAug 11, 2014 - 12:00 am GMT+3
Aug 11, 2014 12:00 am
Peace negotiators for the Philippine government and the country's largest Muslim rebel group said Sunday they had "reached agreement on substantial portions" of a draft self-rule law aimed at ending years of bloody rebellion.
Both the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) peace panels said in a joint statement they were committed to completing the draft bill by August 18 so it could be passed by Congress as soon as possible. "The panels have reached agreement on substantial portions of the document and have developed a shared understanding of the remaining challenges and unsettled issues, which they will bring back to their principals for further guidance," the joint statement said. It did not elaborate on what these challenges and unsettled issues were.
The statement said the two sides had discussed "fiscal autonomy and administration of justice," as well as the issue of budget transfers from the national government to the proposed Muslim autonomous government during the closed door talks in the southern city of Davao. A peace pact signed in March committed President Benigno Aquino and the MILF to pass a law creating an autonomous Muslim region by 2016, when his six-year presidency ends.
In return, the 12,000-member MILF would disarm and help the national government to improve the lot of Filipino Muslims, who are among the poorest and most marginalized in the mainly Catholic nation of 100 million.
However drafting of the law has been delayed amid grumbling from some MILF quarters that the government was diluting the powers offered for the proposed autonomous area. There are also growing fears that the autonomous region may not be created before Aquino's term ends. His political support has been crucial to the peace process.
Muslim rebels have been battling since the 1970s for independence or autonomy in the southern region of Mindanao which they claim as their ancestral home. Tens of thousands of people have died in the conflict, while Mindanao has become one of the poorest and most corrupt regions in the Philippines. MILF chief negotiator Mohagher Iqbal previously said the talks were "moving forward but of course, the issues are very hard". Both sides have also denied press reports that the talks were on the verge of collapsing.