Extreme weather patterns, shrinking agriculture, sea erosion, and lingering dry spells have caused widespread migration within Pakistan in the past decade, according to officials and local experts.
More than two million people were displaced by floods that inundated one-fifth of the country in 2010, triggering mass migration to cities from rural Pakistan.
Almost 70% of those did not go back to their hometowns and permanently settled in big cities to make a living due to the destruction to their homes and farmlands, Pakistan’s Ministry of Climate Change spokesman Muhammad Saleem told Anadolu Agency.
Seasonal, long-term and permanent migrations mainly caused by drought and floods, had taken place in southern, southwestern, and northeastern Pakistan in the last 10 years, he said.
About 700,000 people migrate to big cities from rural Pakistan annually on long-term, and permanent basis, he added, citing international surveys.
Pakistan recently has been placed fifth on the list of countries vulnerable to climate change by the Global Climate Risk Index for 2020.
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