Japan's Mitsubishi issued a landmark apology to U.S. prisoners of war who were forced to work in its mines, more than 70 years ago during World War II. Mitsubishi's initiative is the first of its kind by a Japanese firm
Construction company Mitsubishi Materials Corp became the first major Japanese company to apologize for using captured American soldiers as slave laborers during World War Two, offering remorse on Sunday for "the tragic events in our past." A company representative offered the apology on behalf of its predecessor, Mitsubishi Mining Co, at a special ceremony at a Los Angeles museum.
"Today we apologize remorsefully for the tragic events in our past," Mitsubishi Materials Senior Executive Officer Hikaru Kimura told an audience at the Simon Wiesenthal Center's Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles. In all, about 12,000 American prisoners of war were put into forced labor by the Japanese government and private companies seeking to fill a wartime labor shortage, of whom more than 1,100 died, said Rabbi Abraham Cooper, an associate dean at the Simon Wiesenthal Center.
Six prisoner-of-war camps in Japan were linked to the Mitsubishi conglomerate during the war, and they held 2,041 prisoners, more than 1,000 of whom were American, according to nonprofit research center Asia Policy Point.
Mitsubishi Materials Corp's predecessor ran four sites that at the time of liberation in 1945 held about 876 American prisoners of war. Twenty-seven Americans died in those camps, Asia Policy Point said. While previous Japanese prime ministers have apologized for Japan's aggression during World War Two, private corporations have been less contrite.
On Sunday, Kimura was flanked by Yukio Okamoto, a forced laborer in a copper mine and a special advisor to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, along with an image of American and
Japanese flags. In the audience were other forced labor survivors and family members.
"This is a glorious day," said 94-year-old veteran James Murphy, who survived working at Mitsubishi Mining's Osarizawa Copper Mine and the infamous Bataan Death March in the Philippines. "For 70 years we wanted this." The apology comes near the 70th anniversary of the end of the war.
It also comes amid a lawsuit in which the descendants of hundreds of Chinese men forced to work in wartime Japan are seeking millions of dollars in compensation from a subsidiary of
Mitsubishi Corp and a joint venture between Mitsubishi Corp and Mitsubishi Materials Corp.
Kimura declined to discuss the lawsuit. He also declined to discuss whether the apology would be echoed by other companies that benefited from the labor of captured soldiers.
About the author
Research Associate at Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA) at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University