The Group of 20 (G20) Leaders Summit is dedicated to increasing growth and creating jobs around the world. With global growth expected at 3.1 percent according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the G20 will propose ways to stimulate economic activity and increase productivity.
Long-run potential output growth has fallen broadly across the world's economies since the financial crisis of 2008, according to the IMF. These include crisis legacies in some advanced economies: High public and private debt, financial sector weakness and low investment.
The Turkish G20 presidency has focused on investment, inclusiveness and implementation of G20 proposals. G20 economies are committed to boosting global economic growth by an additional 2 percent by 2018, which would boost the global economy by $2 trillion.
Under Turkey's G20 presidency, inclusiveness aims to ensure that the benefits of growth and prosperity are shared across all parts of society. Small and medium-sized enterprises, women and youth employment are all part of this framework. The outlook for world output is poor, with growth projected by the IMF at 3.1 percent for 2015 and 3.6 percent in 2016.
For the U.S., the forecast is for 2.6 percent growth in 2015, followed by 2.8 percent in 2016. For the euro area, growth is expected at 1.5 percent in 2015, and 1.6 percent in 2016. Germany is predicted to see 1.6 percent growth in 2015 and 1.5 percent in 2016. France is forecast at 1.2 percent growth in 2015 and 1.5 percent growth in 2016. Italy should see 0.8 percent growth in 2015 and 1.3 percent in 2016. Spain is forecast at 3.1 percent growth in 2015 and 2.5 percent in 2016. Japan is expected to see 0.6 percent growth in 2015 and 1.0 percent in 2016. Russia is forecast at minus 3.8 percent growth in 2015 and minus 0.6 percent in 2016. China is to see 6.8 percent growth in 2015 and 6.3 percent in 2016.
Three G20 members - China, the U.S. and EU - control over 50 percent of the global economy. The BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) account for around 29 percent. Nine of the G20 members each account for fewer than 2 percent. The G20's Asian economies contribute to around one-third of the world's economy.