Turkey launched its second military surveillance satellite, the Göktürk-1, from the Kourou Launch Center in French Guiana on Dec. 5.
A military intelligence satellite system that will enable Turkey to obtain high-resolution images from any part of the world without any geographical restrictions, Göktürk-1 is designed to provide secure transmission of the said images to ground units. In addition to its use for military intelligence, the satellite will also provide images for civilian purposes. Turkey's first sub-meter resolution discovery surveillance satellite project, Göktürk-1 was developed primarily to fulfill the needs of the Air Force's Command. Costing a total amount of 261.5 million euros ($273.6 million), the Göktürk-1 satellite will expedite the fight against terrorism due to its ability to receive high-resolution images. The satellite, which circumvents the earth approximately every 90 minutes, is expected to take more than 60,000 images per year. Every time it passes over Turkey, the satellite will transfer the photographs and images taken while in orbit to the Air Force Command's satellite ground station.
A more improved version of Göktürk-2, which can take black and white images at 2.5 meters (8.2 feet) and color ones at 5 meters, Göktürk-1 will be able to capture images in black and white at a 50-centimeter (19.6-inch) resolution and in color at 2 meters. The satellite, which will be able to capture 358 frames per day in high resolution, will have a lifetime of seven years.
Designed to transmit images at a higher resolution compared to similar models in orbit, the Göktürk-1 satellite will also perform remote-sensory tasks for public institutions and organizations in many fields, including environment and construction monitors, agricultural cultivation, municipal applications, border control and cadastral activities.
Eurasia Tunnel under the Bosporus: Dec. 20
Eurasia Tunnel, Marmaray's sister, is the first road tunnel for automotive-transit access between the Asian and European sides of Istanbul under the Bosporus. It reduces the travel time between the two sides to 15 minutes and opened on Dec. 20 with a grand ceremony.
Eurasia Tunnel, which cost $1.3 billion, will create a business volume of TL 1.5 million for the Turkish economy and save 52 million hours of time in traffic. The time saving potential is one of the great features provided by the tunnel. Thanks to its extra capacity, it will shorten travel time and save about 52 million hours of time per year for passing the Bosporus.
The amount of vehicular emissions (carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, et cetera) released will be reduced by approximately 82,000 tons per year thanks to the project. A total of 60 subcontractors are also working on the project, employing 800 people a day.
The project has created a business volume of TL 1.5 million per day for the Turkish economy thanks to the expenditures made during the construction work. During the excavation of approximately 2 million cubic meters, 700,000 cubic meters of concrete and 70,000 tons of iron were used.
Construction of the titanic-infrastructure project took over four years. The total length of the project is 14.6 kilometers and the most crucial part, the Bosporus crossing, is 5.4 kilometers long.
Constructed with the most advanced design, technology and engineering applications, the tunnel is designed to withstand earthquakes of a magnitude up to 7.5 on Richter scale and tsunamis. Furthermore, with its advanced security features, it can be used as a shelter when necessary.
Please click to read our informative text prepared pursuant to the Law on the Protection of Personal Data No. 6698 and to get information about the cookies used on our website in accordance with the relevant legislation.
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu uyarınca hazırlanmış aydınlatma metnimizi okumak ve sitemizde ilgili mevzuata uygun olarak kullanılan çerezlerle ilgili bilgi almak için lütfen tıklayınız.