A faction in the military revolted against the state. This has the characteristics of a response to the situations where the government could not convince anyone of its allegations that there have been coup attempts against itself so far. So, the government was right, given that some made attempts to stage coups through civilian but illegitimate means many times and, in the end, they attempted to make this coup through military means this time. The coup makers have proved the government right. However, while doing so, they carried out a mass terrorist attack, paving the way for the death of thousands of people.
If those who planned to stage a coup had thought that they would seize power, I must note that they are rather inexperienced. However, perhaps their objective is not to seize control of the government, but only to incapacitate the current administration, just like terrorist organizations. Their primary objective might be to remove the top administration in the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK), prime minister, president, Parliament and top figures in intelligence organizations and make Turkey ungovernable.
Certainly, paralyzing the most important state institutions simultaneously is not enough to stage a coup in today's world, and a coup attempt must also have a social response. There was no such social support for this coup attempt. On the contrary, society is against this move, which was aimed at the most important state institutions and figures. As such, the objective of targeting "the powers that be" cannot do anything other than leading to social indignation. What is the difference between the incidents in Turkey and the Nice terrorist attack in terms of their impact on society?
Might coup makers not know what would happen to them if they failed? Surely, they must know. However, they might have found their lives worthy of risking in order to create chaos in society and lead to a power vacuum and democratic regression - which is like the attitude of terrorists committing a suicide attack.
Just like terrorist acts, the coup attempt also aimed to create chaos in society, lead to a power vacuum and prevent the government from making decisions. Therefore, we must strive to understand the coup attempt was against the decisions the government makes.
It is no secret that the government will en
ter a process where it will liquidate pro-coup staff from institutions in the military and judiciary on one hand, and it will launch restructuring on the other. Perhaps, they aimed to sabotage this "liquidation," restructuring and reformation process. However, when the extent of the terror is considered, we must think that it has greater objectives. There might be a direct link between the government's recently adopted policy of "reducing the number of enemies, increasing the number of friends," and this attempt.
It appears that the possibility of Turkey taking up a more operational position in the Syria with its old and new friends has triggered this process. It is possible that Turkey might take up a more interventionist position in Syria along with the U.S., Russia and some other allies. However, there are also some other important states that are excluded from this alliance group. Interestingly, these excluded states also oppose Turkey's EU membership. They might be thinking what a country experiencing coups could do in the EU. Moreover, irrespective of whether it is a coup or chaos, they would both create a power vacuum for a short time, wouldn't they? Could the new team that filled this vacuum make decisions to include those who are pushed out of the game?
It could be. This coup attempt has political traces too deep to be an act of a group of soldiers alone. And it must be acknowledged that even if it were an attempt by the parallel structure, it goes beyond their own mind. Indeed, no coups in Turkey have benefited coup makers, but the circles that they wanted to overwhelm have always gotten the best of coups. However, following all coups, many military and strategic international agreements, which made Turkey dependent and passive, were signed.