The highly anticipated Berlin conference was a step toward lasting peace. German Chancellor Angela Merkel described the 55-point final communique as "an agreement on a comprehensive plan to support a cease-fire in Libya." The commitment of all stakeholders to respect the arms embargo and the submission of that agreement to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) are welcome steps. The UNSC permanent members, who were at the negotiating table in Berlin, are expected to approve it. Another welcome step was Libyan putschist Gen. Khalifa Haftar's decision to send representatives to a 5+5 military commission that will meet in Geneva, Switzerland. Finally, it is good news that the parties have formed a political commission with four technical subcommittees.
As President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan pointed out, however, Haftar did not formally sign the cease-fire agreement. Judging by the Libyan warlord's personality and the track record of his state sponsors, including the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and France, there is a good chance that he will simply ignore the cease-fire.
Haftar could find it difficult to stomach the Government of National Accord's (GNA) international recognition as Libya's legitimate powerholder – just when victory was within his grasp. If his self-styled Libyan National Army was to continue wreaking violence, the response of all other actors who were in Berlin on Sunday will be absolutely crucial.
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