What changed in 5 months?

Published 06.11.2015 02:05

June 7 was the toughest day in the history of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party), as the party did not achieve coming to power alone for the first time, although the vote share it received was not the lowest one it has had and it was still the strongest party. The siege to undermine the AK Party, which kicked off with the Gezi Park protests, continued with the Dec. 15 and Dec. 17 judicial coup attempt and reached its peak with the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) that was supported by anti-President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan circles both inside and outside the country, finally yielded results.However, on Nov. 1 the AK Party again enjoyed great success just like it did in the 2011 elections. Having received 49.5 percent of the vote, the number of votes the party received rose from 18,867,000 to 23,305,000. This is an unprecedented success in the history of world democracy and was attained in such a short period of time. So where did these additional 4 million votes come from?

First of all, the public witnessed that the possibility of a coalition dragged the country's politics and future into chaos and they observed how their financial conditions worsened day by day due to this chaotic and capricious political scene. And for that, they charged not the AK Party, but the opposition parties, which rejected building a coalition throughout the entire process, since they were obsessed with undermining Erdoğan.

It seems that the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) suffered the largest decline in votes in the Nov. 1 elections, losing 2 million. Vast majorities of MHP voters were inclined toward the AK Party. As a matter of fact, a considerable amount of voters decided to vote for the AK Party, which they had previously supported, since the party ended the tension in the country by introducing the reconciliation process and still fought the outlawed PKK when necessary.

The second party in decline is undoubtedly the HDP, which lost about 1 million votes and regressed from 13 percent to 10.6 percent of the vote. Kurds living in both urban and rural areas inclined to the AK Party, withdrawing support for the HDP. Also, the better provisions of election safety on Nov. 1 compared to June 7 surely contributed to the results. Furthermore, the HDP did not present a peaceful future to Kurds. Even on the day it enjoyed 13 percent of the vote, the party mentioned judging Erdoğan. It did not take a stance against the violent acts of the PKK, which dug ditches and planted bombs and mines across the country in the recent months. Therefore, Kurds openly declared that they want to be represented not from the Qandil Mountains, the headquarters of the PKK in Northern Iraq, but from Ankara.

In addition to these factors, the Felicity Party (SP) and the Great Union Party (BBP) did not form an alliance for the elections this time, so about 350,000 votes previously supporting this alliance also went to the AK Party. In addition, the ballots for Nov. 1 did not have independent deputies, which lead to more than 100,000 invalidated votes on June 7. It can also be added that the AK Party proponents that did not cast ballots on June 7 rushed to the ballot boxes this time.

But the most important factor is undoubtedly the unhealthy opposition bloc that targets Erdoğan with every kind of abasement. The opposition was in such a pathological state of mind that it presented weapons as favorable, terror as peaceful and the "parallel structure" as innocent. Promising a safe future to the public, Erdoğan presented a safe port for the public to take shelter against the opposition calling for violence and civil war. All in all, the vision of the electorate has become clearer within the course of the last five months due to these factors.

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