After World War I, an everlasting design of chaos was activated from the Balkans to the Arabian Peninsula by the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire.
In our era wars are still going on in the former colonies occupied by the British Empire. After numerous wars of independence in the Islamic world, three types of policies have been adopted against such colonial threats, particularly in the countries within the areas of Western political penetration:
The attitude of submission, adopted by Saudi Arabia and various Gulf countries, derives from the conviction that Western colonial powers are unstoppable and the only feasible option is nothing but surrender.
The attitude of resistance and enmity, adopted by post-revolutionary Iran, relies on the belief that Western penetration can and should be defeated.
The attitude of bridging divisions between the West and the East, adopted by modern Turkey, refers to being an independent and powerful state not only by embracing Western democratic values and acting as a Western ally, but also by preserving its own cultural character.
For those states that have adopted one of these three different types of policies, Western political motives remain hazardous and threatening. The Cold War period is over and the new millennium, rooted in its many technological revolutions, has begun.
Yet still while a group of Western countries enjoy high levels of economic development and wealth, century- old colonial conditions continue to prevail in the Islamic world and African continent.
Libya was recently occupied, while Sudan was divided in two through a ferocious civil war. Internal struggles and conflicts continue in Somalia and the Central African Republic. France was behind the coup in Mali while the Egyptian army, with the unerring support of the entire Western world, destroyed the new democratically elected government there.
Civil war continues in Syria while Palestine, especially Gaza, has turned into an open prison. Finally, after Afghanistan was occupied, the war between its numerous tribes, the Taliban and government forces continue with no end in sight.
The only escape from this chaos might be the discreet attitude that should have been adopted by the great states of the Islamic world. Unfortunately, those states still seem unable to provide such a political vision, rather bowing to their own selfinterests.
Moreover, hundreds of thousands of people were killed due to the United States occupation of Iraq. A total lack of respect was shown towards the lives of the native people as even the statistical data of the massive loss of life were not properly calculated. When the United States President Barrack Obama decided to withdraw from Iraq, a new chance for state formation emerged.
Whereas Iraq's neighboring countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and Turkey, should have taken the responsibility to toward the integrity and stability of Iraq, it seems that only Turkey acted responsibly in this respect.
Therefore, the present chaotic situation in Iraq derives not simply from the Iraqi President Maliki's clumsy political attitude, but, more importantly, from the bigoted and fanatical policies of Iran and Saudi Arabia.
In my next article, therefore, I will write about the recent political processes through which Iraq has turned into an unstable and chaotic country as well as the new political actors such as the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) who have come center stage.
About the author
İhsan Aktaş is Chairman of the Board of GENAR Research Company. He is an academic at the Department of Communication at Istanbul Medipol University.