Syrians' rightful desire for a better future in a democratic state was sacrificed for the strategic agendas of the West, Iran and Russia.
Syrians had lived for a long time under the oppressive rule of Bashar Assad's father, Hafez Assad, and Bashar was gradually trying to integrate Syria into the world. However, as the Arab streets were enflamed by the Arab Spring, Syrians, who had experienced a half-century of tyranny, hoped for a democratic transition, and the overthrow of dictatorships in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya inspired them. In the face of the people's demand for democracy in Syria, the United States emerged as a problem. Traumatized by wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the U.S. could not properly read the democratic demands in Syria. As the war in Afghanistan ended, the U.S. bestowed al-Qaeda on the world. Over the last 10 years, the U.S. has given an impression of fighting against al-Qaeda and its leader.
The U.S.'s second grand mistake was its attempt to hide its inactivity and hesitation concerning the Syrian civil war while fighting DAESH, which has been manipulated by intelligence organizations. Yet the mystery over DAESH dissolved more rapidly than that of al-Qaeda. Now, the specter of DAESH does not attack the forces of the Syrian regime and Iran and shows no interest in fighting Assad's forces. Exactly like the Democratic Union Party (PYD), DAESH attacks the Free Syrian Army, which embodies the true core of the Syrian people.
Russia's de facto entrance into the Syrian civil war as an occupying force, thanks to Iran's push, has brought existing alliances in Syria into question:
- First and foremost, Russia's entrance into the Syrian civil war poses a serious threat to NATO and exposes the inactivity and hesitation of the U.S.
The overemphasis of the U.S. on the war against DAESH is overshadowed by civilian massacres committed by the Assad regime and its allies.
The U.S. has realized the futility of its collaboration with the PYD.
It is now well-understood that the isolation of legitimate opposition forces in Syria by the U.S. was a grand mistake, as those groups are represented on the side of the U.S. in the peace talks in Geneva.
It is clear that DAESH, abused by the regime and its allies, has turned into a fireball that threatens not only the region, but also Europe.
The Syrian regime and Iran, which supported the PYD against the legitimate opposition forces, understood that PYD attempts to establish a separate state with 400,000 Kurds poses a serious threat to Syria's territorial integrity.
The states that pushed the PKK against Turkey are now alarmed that terrorism might enter their own countries.
Gradually, the U.S. comes closer to Ankara's positions and Saudi Arabia and moves away from those of the PYD simply because the American public cannot come to terms with the present hesitation concerning Syria and the ongoing impotence against Russia. Meanwhile, Turkey, Iran and the Syrian regime are likeminded about the territorial integrity of Syria. Being isolated in the Islamic world, Iran now attempts to normalize relations with Turkey. The administration of Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) President Masoud Barzani is alarmed about the combined threat posed by Iran and the PKK and is taking measures against the PKK and the PYD alike.
Although Russia's military intervention in the Syrian civil war is unacceptable, it nonetheless laid bare the falsehood of Western policies. As old friends cannot become enemies, countries return to their old allies. On the other hand, the PKK and the PYD try in vain to gain legitimacy through their fight against DAESH, as great states use and discard smaller groups for their own interests.
Now, the U.S. is for strengthening NATO against Russian aggression, the EU wants to prevent further influxes of refugees, and Iran is trying to end its isolation in the Islamic world. To do this they need to listen carefully to the demands of common Syrians for a better future in a democratic country.