Some of the elections that Turkey has gone through since the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) came to power in 2003 are quite important and historic. Among these are the parliamentary elections on June 22, 2007, the constitutional referendum on Sept. 12, 2010, the local elections on March 30, 2014 and the presidential elections on Aug. 10, 2014. What makes these elections critical is the struggle between the old and new Turkey that has continued over the past 13 years. That is why each election was regarded as the last election. It was expected that the contentions of the past would end when these elections were over. However, such expectations did not come true. The political parties and power groups of the old Turkey, which considered each election to be a matter of life and death, stomached the AK Party's success for a while and hoped that a new page would be turned. Then, however, they continued marginalization and polarization politics as if nothing happened. In a rather masterful and dishonest fashion, the AK Party was made to pay a price for such politics. Thus, the AK Party became unable to discuss changes that it would make in its own politics. Things became even harsher and crueler when the Gülen Movement's parallel structure, some leftist intellectuals and Kurdish politics, which leaned on the PKK's violence, joined the ranks of old Turkey after 2013. And unfortunately all players who joined this bloc, including opposition parties, waged a struggle where all kinds of perception manipulation and violence were put in place, instead of coming up with new politics which would appeal to Turkey's community.
So, what made the Nov. 1 parliamentary elections historic was that the nation rejected all these blockages, instability and plans to reach a conclusion through terrorism. The nation put an end to this struggle by bringing the AK Party to power once again with a high voting rate that all survey companies, with the exception of A&G owned by Adil Gür, could not foresee. That is why the Nov. 1 election will be quite a change from previous elections in terms of its impacts on politics and relations between social segments. Its most shocking influences will be seen on political parties, including the AK Party. This is because the millions who headed to the polls in the elections want the normalization of politics and the end of polarization - the two elements that they consider to be the guarantee of peace and stability. And they expect these from the AK Party. The approach that was underlined in President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's recent call and Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu's balcony speech on election night reflects the expectation of the AK Party's inner voice, implying an AK Party that is not stuck in the past, embraces a new constitution and the reconciliation process, wants more democracy and better law and insistently extends its hand for peace and brotherhood.
Well, how will the Nov. 1 elections affect opposition parties? Obviously, the Republican People's Party (CHP), Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) and even the PKK will experience a profound shock. First, they are all expected to make a change in their party management. However, the major expectation is that they have a new political understanding. Political figures in parties are changing, but what is important is a change in their politics. The party that changes its politics first will survive in the politics of the future. Turkey needs to reinforce its democracy and have an opposition that is capable of producing politics in order to be influential in its region and the world. This is the first time that the opposition bloc so bitterly feels this necessity, despite experiencing tens of defeats in elections since 2007. We will continue to observe what the bitter impact of the Nov. 1 revolution on the CHP, MHP and the HDP will lead to.