Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees and has officially spent, per capita, more than any other nation on humanitarian aid. The country continues to make solid efforts to alleviate the plight of refugees. It is one of the most proactive and efficient countries in finding solutions for the humanitarian crisis stemming from the Syrian conflict over the course of 2019, experts say, underlining the lack of support from other international actors in spite of Ankara's calls for assistance.
After the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011, Turkey adopted an "open-door policy" toward Syrians fleeing the conflict, granting them "temporary protection" status. Since then, Turkey has received a constant flow of displaced Syrians fleeing the conflict and their numbers have expanded from mere thousands to millions. According to Interior Ministry figures, while 3.7 million Syrians reside in Turkey, more than 415,000 Syrian children have been born in the country. Refugees from Syria now account for around 4.29% of the total population of the country. Women and children make up the majority of these figures. Furthermore, Ankara has spent around $40 billion in provisions, according to official reports.
In addition to the country's domestic efforts in providing humanitarian aid to refugees living in Turkey, Ankara has come up with a number of new initiatives to solve issues arising around humanitarian aid.
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