Turkey's foreign trade gap narrowed 63.6% to $14.85 billion in the January-June period, down from a $40.8 billion deficit in the same period last year, according to the national statistical body's statement published on Wednesday. The country's exports in the first half of 2019 rose 1.9% to reach $83.7 billion and imports dropped 19.8% to $98.56 billion, according to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat). Turkey's exports to the EU, making up nearly half of the country's exports, amounted to $41.4 billion from January to June.
The manufacturing sectors' share of total exports was 94.4% or $79 billion during the first half, while the agriculture and forestry sector and the mining and quarrying sector took 2.9% and 2% shares, respectively.
While the ratio of high-tech products in manufacturing industry exports was 3.5%, its share of imports in June was 13.9%.
While intermediate and consumption goods dominated the country's exports with shares of 46.8% and 40.9%, respectively, 75.8% of imports during the six-month period were intermediate goods.
Last year, the country's exports hit a historic high of $167.9 billion, with imports of $223 billion.
As for the last month, Turkey's foreign trade deficit dropped sharply, falling 42.5% to $3.17 billion year-on-year, down from $5.5 billion in June 2018, the statistical body said.
The country's exports ($11.08 billion) and imports ($14.26 billion) both dropped in June, by 14.3% and 22.7%, respectively, on a yearly basis.
The exports-to-imports coverage ratio rose to 84.9% last month, up from 66.8% the previous June.
Germany remained Turkey's top export market by country, receiving some $1.07 billion worth of Turkish goods, or a 9.6% share of total exports, followed by the U.K. ($684.6 million), France ($639.6 million) and Italy ($613.1 million).
On the import side, Russia made the lion's share of imports to Turkey in the month, with over $1.5 billion.
It was followed by China, Germany and the U.S. with $1.27 billion, $1.19 billion and $919 million, respectively.