The price per barrel of Brent oil has decreased to $80 after the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agreed to maintain the current level of crude oil production.
According to the data of the Undersecretariat of Treasury, one of the most important current account deficit items of Turkey is crude oil imports but this year various positive developments have occurred to aid the country's expanding bill. With the decrease in imports of crude oil and the decrease in prices, Turkey's payments for crude oil have dropped by $1.5 billion when compared to the first nine months of last year. The decline in imports of crude oil was around 11.1 percent for the same period while the decrease in the cost of crude oil imports was around 13.3 percent. The amount paid for crude oil imports from January to September has been the lowest within the last four years.
Another factor affecting the decrease in the cost of crude oil imports was the decrease in the price of petrol. The price per barrel of crude oil was approximately $109.7 in the first nine months of last year which dropped sharply to $107.1 and $97.2 in September this year with a 16.1 percent drop when compared to the price in September, 2013.
While the price per ton of crude oil was approximately $809.6 in the first nine months of last year, this year it dropped down to $790.6.
JPMorgan Chase & Co, a U.S. investment bank, declared that oil prices will continue to drop and that they are expecting the price to decrease to around $70 per barrel in December.
Speaking to Daily Sabah columnist Cemil Ertem, the reason behind the falling oil prices is more related to politics rather than economics. Ertem said "Oil prices will be around $75-85 per barrel as long as U.S. pressure on Saudi Arabia to the increase supply of oil is maintained without reconciliation between the EU, the U.S. and Russia. On the other hand, Turkey benefits from this situation which helps to decrease its import bill and has a positive effect on the current account deficit. The Energy Market Regulatory Authority should reconsider regulations on oil prices which consumers can benefit from too."
Chief Economist of the International Energy Agency Fatih Birol stated that the decrease in crude oil prices has greatly benefited Turkey and that for the next one or two years Turkey will be relieved. Speaking to Anadolu Agency at the "Global Energy Outlook" meeting held in London, Birol underlined that petrol prices have decreased by 20 percent compared to last year. "This will have a positive effect on Turkey's current account deficit along with other countries like Turkey, who are dependent on importing crude oil and natural gas. Along with the decrease in crude oil prices, natural gas imports, which are linked to crude oil imports, will also decrease," Birol said, adding the caveat that global petrol prices might soon increase.
Stating that this decrease was due to the high production of shale gas in the U.S. and therefore, might not continue in the long run, Birol warned that if the prices remain at the same level in 2015, the investments in shale gas will decrease by around 10 percent. Furthermore, with the decrease in prices, the demand for crude oil will increase and might push prices back up.