Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras accused neighboring Macedonia on Monday of "shaming" Europe by firing tear gas and rubber bullets at migrants desperately trying to break through a border fence. Tensions are still running high after Sunday's violence, which saw 250 refugees and migrants hurt at the flashpoint Idomeni crossing as they tried to force their way into Macedonia. Tsipras said Macedonian police had used tear gas and rubber bullets Sunday against "people who were clearly not armed and constituted no serious threat."
"This is a great shame for European culture and for countries who want to be part of it," he said in a jab at Macedonia's aspirations to join the European Union.
However, another scuffle broke out between migrants and Greek police on Monday after dozens tried to push a train carriage along rail tracks leading to Macedonia.
The minor trouble came a day after dozens of migrants and refugees were injured in clashes with Macedonian police which Tsipras deplored as "a disgrace for European civilization."
During Monday's scuffles, men stood on top the train carriage shouting and waving the Greek and German flags in protest. Others walked up to the border and waved olive branches at Macedonian soldiers who stood guard on the other side of the razor wire fence. The tension was short-lived and bore no resemblance to Sunday when dozens of migrants and refugees were wounded after Macedonian police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at crowds on the Greek side of the border.
The refugee crisis has piled further pressure on ties between the neighbors already strained by a two-decade dispute over Macedonia's name.
Athens does not accept its neighbor calling itself Macedonia, claiming a historical right to the name because the heart of Alexander the Great's ancient kingdom lies in Greece's northern Macedonia region.
The U.N.'s refugee agency urged the EU to implement a much-delayed scheme to relocate 160,000 refugees to ease pressure on Greece, which has been left with a massive bottleneck of migrants following a series of border closures on the Balkan migrant route.
More than 10,000 migrants and refugees have been stranded at the Greek border outpost of Idomeni since February after a cascade of border shutdowns across the Balkans closed off their route to central and western Europe.
There are also fears that efforts to shut down the Turkey-Greece route could encourage migrants to attempt to reach Europe via the even more dangerous crossing from Libya to Italy, with the Italian coastguard rescuing 1,850 migrants on Monday.
Sunday's clashes were the latest unrest to erupt at Idomeni, where grim living conditions have made it a symbol of the misery faced by thousands who have fled war and poverty to reach Europe, many of them refugees fleeing war in Syria and Iraq.
Greek Police Minister Nikos Toskas warned that violence against migrants could fuel religious extremism. "Those beaten yesterday are the extremists of tomorrow if we are not careful," Toskas told Skai radio.
Macedonia has hit back, denying that it used rubber bullets against migrants and accusing Greek police of failing to intervene as around 3,000 people "violently" tried to cross the border, hurling stones and injuring police.
But medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it treated around 30 people for injuries from rubber bullets - three of them children under 10 - along with 200 suffering breathing problems and 30 with other injuries.
Greek efforts to move the huge crowds from the squalid encampment at Idomeni into nearby reception centers have so far been unsuccessful.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel's spokesman Steffen Seibert said Berlin was watching developments there "with concern" and urged all states to ensure border security was strictly in line with human rights. He urged migrants to move into Greece's official shelters and to stop attempting illegal border crossings, saying this was "not a hopeful option." The European Commission has also called for the people blocked at Idomeni to be relocated, with spokeswoman Mina Andreeva warning them not to push ahead with "a dangerous and irregular onward journey."
Sunday's violence broke out after Arabic-language leaflets distributed around the camp falsely suggested the border was about to open, prompting Greece to double its police presence in the area. Tsipras on Monday blamed non-Greek volunteers for "inciting" migrants to storm the fence. "I am told (some of them) are staying at Gevgelija (on the Macedonian side) and go back and forth," he said.
The clashes have only served to escalate the row between Athens and Skopje. Countries which display behavior "incomprehensible and unacceptable to humanity certainly have no place in the EU or NATO," Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos said. "I am referring to (Macedonia) specifically."
Skopje has furiously defended its actions, saying 23 of its border police were injured Sunday and accusing Greek police of failing to lift a finger to stop the migrants. The Greek government said it had lodged two "very strong protests" with Macedonian authorities.
The majority of migrants come from the Middle East and Africa. The turmoil in the Middle East and the five-year war in Syria have led many people to flee the conflict in an attempt to seek security and shelter in a more prosperous and peaceful country, such as one in Europe. However, Europe has been slammed for lacking a collaborative response to the crisis.