Despite previous studies which claimed that internal factors and DNA mutations were to blame for the disease, a group of researchers, in a study by Stony Brook University in New York, have affirmed that environmental factors such as sunshine, tobacco and pollution cause more cancer than random "bad luck" in the genes.
These new findings show that up to nine in 10 cancers are in fact caused by environmental and external factors such as smoking, drinking, radiation, sun exposure and air pollution- meaning cancer may be more preventable than previously thought.
The new study suggests that cancer prevalence is too high to be explained by 'simple' mutations in cells.
The study, published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, was conducted to challenge a controversy-stirring paper carried by US-based Science in January, which said unavoidable errors in gene coding was the main cancer cause.
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