While all three opposition parties have announced their candidates for speaker of Parliament, the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) is still to announce its candidate for the election on June 30.
The Republican People's Party (CHP) on Wednesday nominated former chairman and Antalya Deputy Deniz Baykal as its candidate, while the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) nominated Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu also on Wednesday. The Pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) revealed on Monday that its candidate is Dengir Mir Fırat, who previously served as a deputy for the AK Party.
Baykal is currently acting as speaker as he is the oldest deputy in the chamber. He presided over Parliament on June 23 during the oath-taking ceremony and will stay in the post until the election of a new speaker.
As the most senior deputy at the age of 76, Baykal is the acting parliament speaker until the election of a permanent speaker. Following the announcement of Baykal's candidacy, CHP Chairman Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu said: "We hope that this temporary duty will become permanent."
"I am pleased to receive the offer to make this temporary job a permanent one. I do thank him [Kılıçdaroğlu] and his party," Baykal told the press at Parliament.
İhsanoğlu was the CHP and MHP's joint presidential candidate and formerly served as head of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). He ran in the presidential elections and was defeated by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. His nomination was criticized by many neo-nationalist CHP supporters as they claimed he was not a suitable candidate due to his conservative ideology.
On Monday, the HDP announced Fırat as its candidate. "We gathered opinions and suggestions from our party members during our party meeting and decided to send Dengir Mir Mehmet Fırat as our candidate for parliamentary speaker," HDP Co-Chair Selahattin Demirtaş told journalists before a meeting of the party's top decision-making body Monday.
The election process for Parliament speaker is viewed as a practice for a possible coalition government. Four rounds of secret balloting are used for the election of Parliament speaker. A candidate for Parliament speaker must gain at least two-thirds of the vote in the first two rounds, equivalent to the votes of 367 deputies. In the third ballot, an absolute majority of the total number of deputies is needed, 267 being the lowest.
A fourth round of balloting takes place between the two candidates who obtained the most votes if an absolute majority cannot be obtained in the third round. The candidate that receives the majority of the votes in the fourth round assumes the post of Parliament speaker. The vice speaker positions are divided among the parties, starting with the party with the highest share of seats, provided that two of the positions are designated to the party with an absolute majority.
Once the Parliament speaker is elected, official negotiations to form the new government will begin. While Turkey's political history gives little hope of success for the possible coalition government, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on Sunday reiterated that the AK Party is open to negotiations to form a coalition government with other political parties. In this regard, the MHP, which narrowed down the options of a government as it did not lean toward either a coalition involving the CHP, HDP or external support from the party to form a government without the AK Party, is purportedly softening its stance toward the AK Party with MHP Group Deputy Chairman Yusuf Halaçoğlu saying last Thursday: "If the AK Party wants to form a coalition with us, of course we will negotiate with them."