Former Saddam aide seeks to reshape Iraq's Sunni insurgency
BaghdadApr 12, 2016 - 12:00 am GMT+3
Apr 12, 2016 12:00 am
A rallying cry to Iraqi Sunnis from former President Saddam Hussein's top surviving aide aims to bolster the old ruling Baath party's appeal with Sunni Muslims fearing new reprisals by Shiite militias, experts said. They said the video released on Thursday could also contain a message to Iraq's Shiite-led government that former party members might help it fight DAESH if the Shiite militias are kept out of the battle. The broadcast purportedly featuring Ezzat al-Douri coincided with the anniversary of the fall of Saddam's Sunni-led rule when U.S. troops stormed Baghdad in 2003. Reuters could not authenticate it but analysts said it seemed genuine judging by his appearance and speech.
Douri, a wiry man with a ginger moustache, evaded capture during the 2003-11 U.S. occupation and Iraqi and U.S. officials accused him of organizing an insurgency by minority Sunnis against U.S. troops and the new Shiite led authorities in 2005-7. In a previous audio message, the former top official in Saddam's secular Baath party urged Sunnis to join those who had 'liberated' half the country, referring to DAESH, which declared a caliphate in large parts of Iraq and Syria in 2014. This time Douri called on the "sons of Iraq ... to rally behind the flag of the Arab coalition led by the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in order to avoid being burnt by the Persian fire."
The latest message follows major gains by the government and its U.S.-led backers against DAESH and coincides with a push to drive it from Mosul, the largest city in its self-proclaimed caliphate. "Douri and the Baath have no military importance now, but as DAESH is weakening, the Baath appears to see a role as part of the Saudi-led alliance against Iran," said Hisham al-Hashimi, a Baghdad-based security analyst. The U.S. invasion effectively handed power to Iran's allies in Iraq's Shiite majority community, and Tehran's influence became predominant when the American troops pulled out in 2011, leaving the Sunni community feeling marginalized. That marginalization and revenge attacks by Shiite militias were seen as contributing to the rise of DAESH. A Shiite militia has declared it will join the fight to drive DAESH from Mosul, which has stalled: Iraq's top Sunni official has urged the government not to allow militia to join and Hashimi said Douri appeared to be doing the same.
"The Saudi-led alliance is against Iran and also against DAESH and by aligning the Baath with the Saudis he is adopting the same position; Douri seems to be saying 'My men will be willing to fight DAESH on condition that you keep Iran's militias out of Mosul'," Hashimi said. The clip appeared to show Douri, who would now be 73, close up wearing his old green military uniform. Its tribute to Sunni power Saudi Arabia was a new development because the kingdom was a long-time rival of Saddam who had his own regional ambitions. Carried on Saudi-owned al-Hadath TV, it was unclear when it was recorded as the only time indication was a reference to the Saudi-led campaign against Yemen's Iran-backed Houthis which started in March 2015.
Iraqi authorities said in April 2015 that Douri had been killed in a military operation and showed pictures of a body that resembled his. An Iraqi government spokesman did not respond to requests for comment this week. Sitting behind a desk and wearing glasses in the video, the man appearing to be Douri read a statement from a pile of papers clutched in both hands that blamed the "U.S. administration for everything that Iran is doing in Iraq with its agents, its militias and its security and military services." The message, said Ihsan al-Shammari, politics professor at Baghdad University, was aimed at stirring sectarian fears to try to bring the Baath party back to the fore. "But democracy is moving forward in Iraq, away from Douri and the Baath," al-Shammari said.
About the author
Research Associate at Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA) at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University