Elon Musk, Tesla's CEO and one of the most prominent figures working in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) technology stated in a tweet: "China, Russia, soon all countries w strong computer science. Competition for AI superiority at national level most likely cause of WW3 imo." Musk is not the only one concerned about the adverse effects of technological advancements that might have profound impacts on our lives if used in the wrong way.
The arms race between the great powers during the Cold War, particularly in the acquisition of a greater number of nuclear weapons, created a dangerous environment. The race was contained thanks to reduction treaties.